Timed Automata (TA) are a very popular modeling formalism for systems with time-sensitive properties. A common task is to verify if a network of TA satisfies a given property, usually expressed in Linear Temporal Logic (LTL), or in a subset of Timed Computation Tree Logic (TCTL). In this paper, we build upon the TACK bounded model checker for TA, which supports a signal-based semantics of TA and the richer Metric Interval Temporal Logic (MITL). TACK encodes both the TA network and property into a variant of LTL, Constraint LTL over clocks (CLTLoc). The produced CLTLoc formula can then be solved by tools such as Zot, which transforms CLTLoc properties into the input logics of Satisfiability Modulo Theories (SMT) solvers. We present a novel method that preserves TACK's encoding of MITL properties while encoding the TA network directly into the SMT solver language, making use of both the BitVector logic and the logic of real arithmetics. We also introduce several optimizations that allow us to significantly outperform the CLTLoc encoding in many practical scenarios.

Improved Bounded Model Checking of Timed Automata

Smith, Robert L.;Bersani, Marcello M.;Rossi, Matteo;Pietro, Pierluigi San
2021-01-01

Abstract

Timed Automata (TA) are a very popular modeling formalism for systems with time-sensitive properties. A common task is to verify if a network of TA satisfies a given property, usually expressed in Linear Temporal Logic (LTL), or in a subset of Timed Computation Tree Logic (TCTL). In this paper, we build upon the TACK bounded model checker for TA, which supports a signal-based semantics of TA and the richer Metric Interval Temporal Logic (MITL). TACK encodes both the TA network and property into a variant of LTL, Constraint LTL over clocks (CLTLoc). The produced CLTLoc formula can then be solved by tools such as Zot, which transforms CLTLoc properties into the input logics of Satisfiability Modulo Theories (SMT) solvers. We present a novel method that preserves TACK's encoding of MITL properties while encoding the TA network directly into the SMT solver language, making use of both the BitVector logic and the logic of real arithmetics. We also introduce several optimizations that allow us to significantly outperform the CLTLoc encoding in many practical scenarios.
Proceedings of the 2021 IEEE/ACM 9th International Conference on Formal Methods in Software Engineering (FormaliSE)
978-1-6654-3913-8
Formal Verification , Timed Automata , Bounded Model Checking
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1186110
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