This paper assesses whether and how the participation to Global Value Chains (GVCs) contributes to trade imbalances. We test empirically the relationship between GVCs participation and a country’s net export for 42 countries in the period 2000–2014, using the World Input - Output Database (WIOD) on international production linkages. We find that trade balance is positively associated with countries’ involvement in GVCs, but the trade balance worsens the higher the offshoring to lower-income countries, while it im- proves the higher the offshoring to higher-income countries. This asymmetry suggests that when countries offshore to higher-income partners the gains in competitiveness overcome the potentially negative effect of larger imports of intermediate inputs

Trade balances and global value chains: Is there a link?

Felice, Giulia;Tajoli, Lucia
2021

Abstract

This paper assesses whether and how the participation to Global Value Chains (GVCs) contributes to trade imbalances. We test empirically the relationship between GVCs participation and a country’s net export for 42 countries in the period 2000–2014, using the World Input - Output Database (WIOD) on international production linkages. We find that trade balance is positively associated with countries’ involvement in GVCs, but the trade balance worsens the higher the offshoring to lower-income countries, while it im- proves the higher the offshoring to higher-income countries. This asymmetry suggests that when countries offshore to higher-income partners the gains in competitiveness overcome the potentially negative effect of larger imports of intermediate inputs
External imbalances
Global value chains
Input-output tables
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1185144
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