Reducing derailments of freight trains is of utter importance for improving railway transportation since derailments lead to large service disruption, economic losses and risk related to transported goods. The present paper studies low-speed (below 30 km/h) derailment of freight trains, performing experimental full-scale tests, using an instrumented wagon equipped with a commercial derailment detector. Specifically, the dynamics of a freight wagon during wheel-climb derailment and the motion with one axle derailed are investigated. During the tests, accelerations were measured at the bogie and at the carbody. Moreover, the intervention of the derailment detector was monitored to assess possible causes of false tripping or miss-detections. Two loading conditions were analysed: empty and loaded wagon. Main achievements may be summarised as follows: (1) the activation of the derailment detector is always triggered by impacts between the axle-box and the rail; (2) if the wagon is empty, vibrations induced by a derailed axle over the sleepers strongly depend on vehicle speed and they may not trigger the derailment detector in the range 15–25 km/h; (3) derailment detectors must be installed at both ends of each wagon. This information may be used to develop derailment detection algorithms integrated into electric control units with computing capabilities.

Full-scale derailment tests on freight wagons

Diana G.;Sabbioni E.;Somaschini C.;Tarsitano D.;
2021

Abstract

Reducing derailments of freight trains is of utter importance for improving railway transportation since derailments lead to large service disruption, economic losses and risk related to transported goods. The present paper studies low-speed (below 30 km/h) derailment of freight trains, performing experimental full-scale tests, using an instrumented wagon equipped with a commercial derailment detector. Specifically, the dynamics of a freight wagon during wheel-climb derailment and the motion with one axle derailed are investigated. During the tests, accelerations were measured at the bogie and at the carbody. Moreover, the intervention of the derailment detector was monitored to assess possible causes of false tripping or miss-detections. Two loading conditions were analysed: empty and loaded wagon. Main achievements may be summarised as follows: (1) the activation of the derailment detector is always triggered by impacts between the axle-box and the rail; (2) if the wagon is empty, vibrations induced by a derailed axle over the sleepers strongly depend on vehicle speed and they may not trigger the derailment detector in the range 15–25 km/h; (3) derailment detectors must be installed at both ends of each wagon. This information may be used to develop derailment detection algorithms integrated into electric control units with computing capabilities.
derailer
derailment detector
freight train
Full-scale derailment test
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1183867
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