A sequential one-pot chemoenzymatic procedure for the conversion of diol 1, easily obtained from oleic acid, into pelargonic and azelaic acids is herein described. The oxidation of diol 1 into a mixture of the corresponding regioisomeric hydroxyketones was promoted by an alcohol dehydrogenase from Micrococcus luteus, selected after an extensive screening of commercial enzyme kits and strain collections. The stereochemistry of the oxidation process of chiral diol 1 was also investigated. The hydroxyketones obtained by the biocatalyzed oxidation were submitted to further oxidative cleavage by a mild treatment with aqueous NaClO in a biphasic mixture, affording pelargonic and azelaic acids in high yield (76 and 71 %, respectively) with no need of column chromatography.

Oxidation of threo-9,10-Dihydroxystearic Acid Mediated by Micrococcus luteus as a Key Step in the Conversion of Oleic Acid into Pelargonic and Azelaic Acids

Colombo D.;Brenna E.;Casali B.;Ghezzi M. C.;Parmeggiani F.;Tentori F.;Tessaro D.;
2021

Abstract

A sequential one-pot chemoenzymatic procedure for the conversion of diol 1, easily obtained from oleic acid, into pelargonic and azelaic acids is herein described. The oxidation of diol 1 into a mixture of the corresponding regioisomeric hydroxyketones was promoted by an alcohol dehydrogenase from Micrococcus luteus, selected after an extensive screening of commercial enzyme kits and strain collections. The stereochemistry of the oxidation process of chiral diol 1 was also investigated. The hydroxyketones obtained by the biocatalyzed oxidation were submitted to further oxidative cleavage by a mild treatment with aqueous NaClO in a biphasic mixture, affording pelargonic and azelaic acids in high yield (76 and 71 %, respectively) with no need of column chromatography.
biocatalysis
green chemistry
oxidation
oxidoreductases
vegetable oil
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1182754
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