We present the results of laboratory experiments specifically designed to quantify the height and migration rate of an aggrading gravel front. The experiments were performed in sediment feed mode with constant water and sediment supply. Particular care was put into the experimental procedure and the methods to determine the quantities of interest to ensure reproducibility of the results. The celerity and height of an aggradation front were modeled as functions of the Froude number of the flow for the initial bed profile and of a load ratio defined as the ratio of the sediment feed rate to the transport capacity of the flow for the initial bed. The two control parameters (Froude number and load ratio) also determined the translational or dispersive nature of a sediment front. Two predictors were provided to estimate the dimensionless height and celerity of an aggradation front. The former was an increasing function of the load ratio and a decreasing function of the Froude number, and the latter was roughly proportional to the squared Froude number and had no evident relationship with the load ratio. The present results are of interest for scholars and practitioners needing to determine the key properties of swift gravel fronts as those developing, for example, during flash floods.

Celerity and Height of Aggradation Fronts in Gravel-Bed Laboratory Channel

zanchi barbara;radice alessio
2021

Abstract

We present the results of laboratory experiments specifically designed to quantify the height and migration rate of an aggrading gravel front. The experiments were performed in sediment feed mode with constant water and sediment supply. Particular care was put into the experimental procedure and the methods to determine the quantities of interest to ensure reproducibility of the results. The celerity and height of an aggradation front were modeled as functions of the Froude number of the flow for the initial bed profile and of a load ratio defined as the ratio of the sediment feed rate to the transport capacity of the flow for the initial bed. The two control parameters (Froude number and load ratio) also determined the translational or dispersive nature of a sediment front. Two predictors were provided to estimate the dimensionless height and celerity of an aggradation front. The former was an increasing function of the load ratio and a decreasing function of the Froude number, and the latter was roughly proportional to the squared Froude number and had no evident relationship with the load ratio. The present results are of interest for scholars and practitioners needing to determine the key properties of swift gravel fronts as those developing, for example, during flash floods.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Zanchi and Radice 2021 JHE.pdf

Accesso riservato

: Publisher’s version
Dimensione 1.31 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.31 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1182357
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact