Extracting features for early failure detection in rotating machinery of nuclear power plants (NPPs) is difficult because in the early stages of failure the impact on the vibration signals is weak. To improve early fault detection in rotating machinery, a fault feature extraction method based on the combination of parameter-adaptive Variational Mode Decomposition (VMD) and Teager energy operator (TEO) is proposed in this paper. Firstly, we introduce the maximum weighted kurtosis index (WKI) as the objective function, and the Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) is used to optimize the VMD parameters. Then, the optimized VMD is used to decompose the vibration signal into multiple intrinsic mode functions (IMFs). Finally, TEO is used to demodulate the sensitive mode with the maximum WKI and identify the fault frequencies. Simulation and experiment show that the early fault features in vibration signals can be effectively extracted by the proposed method, and the comparisons with other three methods highlight the advantages of the proposed method.

Feature extraction for early fault detection in rotating machinery of nuclear power plants based on adaptive VMD and Teager energy operator

Zio E.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Extracting features for early failure detection in rotating machinery of nuclear power plants (NPPs) is difficult because in the early stages of failure the impact on the vibration signals is weak. To improve early fault detection in rotating machinery, a fault feature extraction method based on the combination of parameter-adaptive Variational Mode Decomposition (VMD) and Teager energy operator (TEO) is proposed in this paper. Firstly, we introduce the maximum weighted kurtosis index (WKI) as the objective function, and the Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) is used to optimize the VMD parameters. Then, the optimized VMD is used to decompose the vibration signal into multiple intrinsic mode functions (IMFs). Finally, TEO is used to demodulate the sensitive mode with the maximum WKI and identify the fault frequencies. Simulation and experiment show that the early fault features in vibration signals can be effectively extracted by the proposed method, and the comparisons with other three methods highlight the advantages of the proposed method.
Artificial bee colony
Early fault feature extraction
Nuclear power plant
Parameter-adaptive VMD
Rotating machinery
Teager energy operator
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1181153
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