A Cahn–Hilliard equation with stochastic multiplicative noise and a random convection term is considered. The model describes isothermal phase-separation occurring in a moving fluid, and accounts for the randomness appearing at the microscopic level both in the phase-separation itself and in the flow-inducing process. The call for a random component in the convection term stems naturally from applications, as the fluid’s stirring procedure is usually caused by mechanical or magnetic devices. Well-posedness of the state system is addressed, and optimisation of a standard tracking type cost with respect to the velocity control is then studied. Existence of optimal controls is proved, and the Gâteaux–Fréchet differentiability of the control-to-state map is shown. Lastly, the corresponding adjoint backward problem is analysed, and the first-order necessary conditions for optimality are derived in terms of a variational inequality involving the intrinsic adjoint variables.

Analysis and Optimal Velocity Control of a Stochastic Convective Cahn–Hilliard Equation

Scarpa L.
2021-01-01

Abstract

A Cahn–Hilliard equation with stochastic multiplicative noise and a random convection term is considered. The model describes isothermal phase-separation occurring in a moving fluid, and accounts for the randomness appearing at the microscopic level both in the phase-separation itself and in the flow-inducing process. The call for a random component in the convection term stems naturally from applications, as the fluid’s stirring procedure is usually caused by mechanical or magnetic devices. Well-posedness of the state system is addressed, and optimisation of a standard tracking type cost with respect to the velocity control is then studied. Existence of optimal controls is proved, and the Gâteaux–Fréchet differentiability of the control-to-state map is shown. Lastly, the corresponding adjoint backward problem is analysed, and the first-order necessary conditions for optimality are derived in terms of a variational inequality involving the intrinsic adjoint variables.
Convection
Optimal velocity control
Optimality conditions
Stochastic Cahn–Hilliard equation
Well-posedness
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1181037
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