Evolutionary concepts may have great appeal when studying material culture and its designed objects. As a matter of fact, there is robust tradition in using biological analogies to understand designs, as it occurs in the eld of bionics, where the simulation of vital processes advocates not only an approach of a purely cognitive nature but, rather, an operative programme allowing the translation of isomorphisms between living organisms and technology into effective design solutions. More generally, natural sciences offer an uncommonly rich apparatus for analogies to be applied to the domains of the sciences of the arti cial. But how widely applicable are Darwinian metaphors? To which extent do the Darwinian concepts of variation and selection provide meaningful theoretical tools across product innovation? What can they add to the analysis of product designs? To this end, this study takes the form of a literature review about evolutionary approaches to the analysis of technological change, along with a number of interpretations about the analo- gies between natural evolution and the dynamics of product variety generation.

Back to Darwinian metaphors: The evolution of artefacts. Volver a las metáforas Darwinianas: la evolución de los artefactos.

Silvia Pizzocaro
2021-01-01

Abstract

Evolutionary concepts may have great appeal when studying material culture and its designed objects. As a matter of fact, there is robust tradition in using biological analogies to understand designs, as it occurs in the eld of bionics, where the simulation of vital processes advocates not only an approach of a purely cognitive nature but, rather, an operative programme allowing the translation of isomorphisms between living organisms and technology into effective design solutions. More generally, natural sciences offer an uncommonly rich apparatus for analogies to be applied to the domains of the sciences of the arti cial. But how widely applicable are Darwinian metaphors? To which extent do the Darwinian concepts of variation and selection provide meaningful theoretical tools across product innovation? What can they add to the analysis of product designs? To this end, this study takes the form of a literature review about evolutionary approaches to the analysis of technological change, along with a number of interpretations about the analo- gies between natural evolution and the dynamics of product variety generation.
Cuaderno 140. Diseño, Innovación y Transdiciplinariedad I. Relaciones del Diseño con la Naturaleza, la Biología y la Tecnología.
9788580394207
Los conceptos evolutivos pueden tener un gran atractivo al estudiar la cultura material y sus objetos diseñados. De hecho, existe una sólida tradición en el uso de ana- logías biológicas para comprender los diseños, como ocurre en el campo de la biónica, donde la simulación de procesos vitales aboga no solo por un enfoque de naturaleza pu- ramente cognitiva sino, más bien, por un programa operativo permitiendo la traducción de isomor smos entre organismos vivos y tecnología en soluciones de diseño efectivas. De manera más general, las ciencias naturales ofrecen un aparato extraordinariamente rico para aplicar analogías a los dominios de las ciencias de lo arti cial. Pero, ¿cuán am- pliamente aplicables son las metáforas darwinianas? ¿En qué medida los conceptos darwi- nianos de variación y selección proporcionan herramientas teóricas signi cativas en la innovación de productos? ¿Qué pueden aportar al análisis de los diseños de productos? Para ello, este estudio toma la forma de una revisión de la literatura sobre enfoques evo- lutivos para el análisis del cambio tecnológico, junto con una serie de interpretaciones sobre las analogías entre la evolución natural y la dinámica de generación de variedades de productos.
technological darwinism
product geneaologies
biological analogies
evolutionary theories
darwinian metaphors
artefact evolution
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1179726
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