This study combines local electrochemical diagnostics with ex situ analysis to investigate degradation mechanism associated to start-up/shut-down (SU/SD) of PEMFC and mitigation strategies adopted in automotive stacks. Local degradation resulting from repeated SU/SD was analyzed with and without mitigation strategies by means of a macro-segmented cell setup provided with Reference Hydrogen Electrodes (RHEs) at both anode and cathode to measure local electrodes potential and current. Accelerated Stress Test (AST) for start-up with and without mitigation strategies are proposed and validated. A ten-fold acceleration of performance loss due to un-mitigated SU/SD has been calculated with respect to AST for catalyst support. Under mitigated SU/SD, instead, a strong degradation was observed as localized at cathode inlet region (i.e. -38% ECSA loss and -22 mV voltage loss after 200 cycles) due to local potentials transient reaching up to 1.5 V vs RHE. These localized stress conditions were additionally reproduced in a zero-gradient and a new AST protocol (named start-up AST) was proposed to mimic the potential profile observed upon SU/SD cycling. Representativeness of the start-up AST for real world degradation was confirmed up to 200 cycles. Platinum dissolution and diffusion/precipitation within the polymer electrolyte was shown to be the dominant mechanism affecting performance loss.

Mitigated start-up of PEMFC in real automotive conditions: Local experimental investigation and development of a new accelerated stress test protocol

Bisello A.;Colombo E.;Baricci A.;Rabissi C.;Casalegno A.
2021-01-01

Abstract

This study combines local electrochemical diagnostics with ex situ analysis to investigate degradation mechanism associated to start-up/shut-down (SU/SD) of PEMFC and mitigation strategies adopted in automotive stacks. Local degradation resulting from repeated SU/SD was analyzed with and without mitigation strategies by means of a macro-segmented cell setup provided with Reference Hydrogen Electrodes (RHEs) at both anode and cathode to measure local electrodes potential and current. Accelerated Stress Test (AST) for start-up with and without mitigation strategies are proposed and validated. A ten-fold acceleration of performance loss due to un-mitigated SU/SD has been calculated with respect to AST for catalyst support. Under mitigated SU/SD, instead, a strong degradation was observed as localized at cathode inlet region (i.e. -38% ECSA loss and -22 mV voltage loss after 200 cycles) due to local potentials transient reaching up to 1.5 V vs RHE. These localized stress conditions were additionally reproduced in a zero-gradient and a new AST protocol (named start-up AST) was proposed to mimic the potential profile observed upon SU/SD cycling. Representativeness of the start-up AST for real world degradation was confirmed up to 200 cycles. Platinum dissolution and diffusion/precipitation within the polymer electrolyte was shown to be the dominant mechanism affecting performance loss.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1177724
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