This work describes the results of a test campaign aimed to measure the propagation of longitudinal, torsional, and flexural stress waves on a drill bit during percussive rock drilling. Although the stress wave propagation during percussive drilling has been extensively modeled and studied in the literature, its experimental characterization is poorly documented and generally limited to the detection of the longitudinal stress waves. The activity was performed under continuous drilling while varying three parameters, the type of concrete, the operator feeding force, and the drilling hammer rotational speed. It was found that axial stress wave frequencies and spectral amplitudes depend on the investigated parameters. Moreover, a relevant coupling between axial and torsional vibrations was evidenced, while negligible contribution was found from the bending modes. A finite element model of the drill bit and percussive element was developed to simulate the impact and the coupling between axial and torsional vibrations. A strong correlation was found between computed and measured axial stress spectra, but additional studies are required to achieve a satisfactory agreement between the measured and the simulated torque vibrations.

Measurement of stress waves propagation in percussive drilling

Scaccabarozzi D.;Saggin B.
2021

Abstract

This work describes the results of a test campaign aimed to measure the propagation of longitudinal, torsional, and flexural stress waves on a drill bit during percussive rock drilling. Although the stress wave propagation during percussive drilling has been extensively modeled and studied in the literature, its experimental characterization is poorly documented and generally limited to the detection of the longitudinal stress waves. The activity was performed under continuous drilling while varying three parameters, the type of concrete, the operator feeding force, and the drilling hammer rotational speed. It was found that axial stress wave frequencies and spectral amplitudes depend on the investigated parameters. Moreover, a relevant coupling between axial and torsional vibrations was evidenced, while negligible contribution was found from the bending modes. A finite element model of the drill bit and percussive element was developed to simulate the impact and the coupling between axial and torsional vibrations. A strong correlation was found between computed and measured axial stress spectra, but additional studies are required to achieve a satisfactory agreement between the measured and the simulated torque vibrations.
SENSORS
Chatter vibration
Drill bit
Percussive drilling
Strain gauges
Stress wave propagation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1175984
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