Performing online monitoring for short horizon data is a challenging, though cost effective benefit. Self-starting methods attempt to address this issue adopting a hybrid scheme that executes calibration and monitoring simultaneously. In this work, we propose a Bayesian alternative that will utilize prior information and possible historical data (via power priors), offering a head-start in online monitoring, putting emphasis on outlier detection. For cases of complete prior ignorance, the objective Bayesian version will be provided. Charting will be based on the predictive distribution and the methodological framework will be derived in a general way, to facilitate discrete and continuous data from any distribution that belongs to the regular exponential family (with Normal, Poisson and Binomial being the most representative). Being in the Bayesian arena, we will be able to not only perform process monitoring, but also draw online inference regarding the unknown process parameter(s). An extended simulation study will evaluate the proposed methodology against frequentist based competitors and it will cover topics regarding prior sensitivity and model misspecification robustness. A continuous and a discrete real data set will illustrate its use in practice. Technical details, algorithms, guidelines on prior elicitation and R-codes are provided in appendices and supplementary material. Short production runs and online phase I monitoring are among the best candidates to benefit from the developed methodology.

Predictive Control Charts (PCC): A Bayesian approach in online monitoring of short runs

Tsiamyrtzis P.
2021

Abstract

Performing online monitoring for short horizon data is a challenging, though cost effective benefit. Self-starting methods attempt to address this issue adopting a hybrid scheme that executes calibration and monitoring simultaneously. In this work, we propose a Bayesian alternative that will utilize prior information and possible historical data (via power priors), offering a head-start in online monitoring, putting emphasis on outlier detection. For cases of complete prior ignorance, the objective Bayesian version will be provided. Charting will be based on the predictive distribution and the methodological framework will be derived in a general way, to facilitate discrete and continuous data from any distribution that belongs to the regular exponential family (with Normal, Poisson and Binomial being the most representative). Being in the Bayesian arena, we will be able to not only perform process monitoring, but also draw online inference regarding the unknown process parameter(s). An extended simulation study will evaluate the proposed methodology against frequentist based competitors and it will cover topics regarding prior sensitivity and model misspecification robustness. A continuous and a discrete real data set will illustrate its use in practice. Technical details, algorithms, guidelines on prior elicitation and R-codes are provided in appendices and supplementary material. Short production runs and online phase I monitoring are among the best candidates to benefit from the developed methodology.
JOURNAL OF QUALITY TECHNOLOGY
Online phase I monitoring
outlier detection
regular exponential family
self-starting
statistical process control and monitoring
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1174908
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