Cytocompatible bioactive surface treatments conferring antibacterial properties to osseointegrated dental implants are highly requested to prevent bacteria-related peri-implantitis. Here we focus on a newly designed family of mesoporous coatings based on zirconia (ZrO2) microstructure doped with gallium (Ga), exploiting its antibacterial and pro-osseo-integrative properties. The ZrO2 films were obtained via sol-gel synthesis route using Pluronic F127 as templating agent, while Ga doping was gained by introducing gallium nitrate hydrate. Chemical characterization by means of XPS and GDOES confirmed the effective incorporation of Ga. Then, coatings morphological and structural analysis were carried out by TEM and SAED unveiling an effective stabilization of both the mesoporous structure and the tetragonal ZrO2 phase. Specimens' cytocompatibility was confirmed towards gingival fibroblast and osteoblasts progenitors cultivated directly onto the coatings showing comparable metabolic activity and morphology in respect to controls cultivated on polystyrene. The presence of Ga significantly reduced the metabolic activity of the adhered oral pathogens Porphyromonas gingivalis and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans in comparison to untreated bulk zirconia (p<0.05); on the opposite, Ga ions did not significantly reduce the metabolism of the oral commensal Streptococcus salivarius (p>0.05) thus suggesting for a selective anti-pathogens activity. Finally, the coatings' ability to preserve cells from bacterial infection was proved in a co-culture method where cells and bacteria were cultivated in the same environment: the presence of Ga determined a significant reduction of the bacteria viability while allowing at the same time for cells proliferation. In conclusion, the here developed coatings not only demonstrated to satisfy the requested antibacterial and cytocompatibility properties, but also being promising candidates for the improvement of implantable devices in the field of implant dentistry.

Mesoporous zirconia surfaces with anti-biofilm properties for dental implants

D'Agostino, Agnese;Tana, Francesca;Serafini, Andrea;Chiesa, Roberto;De Nardo, Luigi
2021-01-01

Abstract

Cytocompatible bioactive surface treatments conferring antibacterial properties to osseointegrated dental implants are highly requested to prevent bacteria-related peri-implantitis. Here we focus on a newly designed family of mesoporous coatings based on zirconia (ZrO2) microstructure doped with gallium (Ga), exploiting its antibacterial and pro-osseo-integrative properties. The ZrO2 films were obtained via sol-gel synthesis route using Pluronic F127 as templating agent, while Ga doping was gained by introducing gallium nitrate hydrate. Chemical characterization by means of XPS and GDOES confirmed the effective incorporation of Ga. Then, coatings morphological and structural analysis were carried out by TEM and SAED unveiling an effective stabilization of both the mesoporous structure and the tetragonal ZrO2 phase. Specimens' cytocompatibility was confirmed towards gingival fibroblast and osteoblasts progenitors cultivated directly onto the coatings showing comparable metabolic activity and morphology in respect to controls cultivated on polystyrene. The presence of Ga significantly reduced the metabolic activity of the adhered oral pathogens Porphyromonas gingivalis and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans in comparison to untreated bulk zirconia (p<0.05); on the opposite, Ga ions did not significantly reduce the metabolism of the oral commensal Streptococcus salivarius (p>0.05) thus suggesting for a selective anti-pathogens activity. Finally, the coatings' ability to preserve cells from bacterial infection was proved in a co-culture method where cells and bacteria were cultivated in the same environment: the presence of Ga determined a significant reduction of the bacteria viability while allowing at the same time for cells proliferation. In conclusion, the here developed coatings not only demonstrated to satisfy the requested antibacterial and cytocompatibility properties, but also being promising candidates for the improvement of implantable devices in the field of implant dentistry.
mesoporous structures, zirconia (ZrO2 ), gallium (Ga), antibacterial dental coatings, co-cultures, cytocompatible
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1173506
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