Notwithstanding the interest in the three-surface concept shown by aircraft designers, this configuration was not thoroughly investigated in conjunction with the adoption of two-elevator surfaces, on both canard and tail. In fact, the inclusion of an additional elevator produces a redundant longitudinal control which can be specifically exploited to target trim optimization. The same redundancy can be also employed to improve the flying qualities of the three-surface aircraft. In this paper, after introducing a simple flight mechanics model, ideal for preliminary design and analyses, the advantages of this configuration are explored. Firstly, the problem of finding the elevator deflections of canard and tail for minimum drag in trim is formulated and solved. Secondarily, the updating of a two-surface back-tailed airplane into an equivalent three-surface one is demonstrated, showing the potential improvement in cruise performance. Finally, the controls are employed through a smart control law for achieving better flying qualities.

Three-Surface Model with Redundant Longitudinal Control: Modeling, Trim Optimization and Control in a Preliminary Design Perspective

Cacciola, Stefano;Riboldi, Carlo;
2021

Abstract

Notwithstanding the interest in the three-surface concept shown by aircraft designers, this configuration was not thoroughly investigated in conjunction with the adoption of two-elevator surfaces, on both canard and tail. In fact, the inclusion of an additional elevator produces a redundant longitudinal control which can be specifically exploited to target trim optimization. The same redundancy can be also employed to improve the flying qualities of the three-surface aircraft. In this paper, after introducing a simple flight mechanics model, ideal for preliminary design and analyses, the advantages of this configuration are explored. Firstly, the problem of finding the elevator deflections of canard and tail for minimum drag in trim is formulated and solved. Secondarily, the updating of a two-surface back-tailed airplane into an equivalent three-surface one is demonstrated, showing the potential improvement in cruise performance. Finally, the controls are employed through a smart control law for achieving better flying qualities.
Dynamic performance; Minimum-drag trim; Preliminary sizing; Redundant longitudinal control; Three-surface aircraft
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1173303
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