Environmental variability is a major challenging issue in bridge health monitoring because bridges are more prone to such variability than other civil structures. To deal with this challenge, this article proposes a new machine-learning method for early damage detection under environmental variability by means of the k-medoids clustering, a new damage indicator, and an innovative approach for selecting a proper cluster number. Estimation of a reliable alarming threshold is another important challenge for early damage detection via most of the machine-learning methods. On this basis, a novel probabilistic approach using the theory of extreme value and a goodness-of-fit measure is proposed to estimate an alarming threshold. The major contributions of this article include proposing a new damage indicator suitable for decision making by clustering-based algorithms, an innovative cluster selection algorithm for dealing with the problem of environmental variability and increasing damage detectability, and a novel probabilistic method for threshold estimation. Modal-based features of the well-known Z24 Bridge are considered to verify the accuracy and effectiveness of the proposed approaches along with several comparative studies. Results show that the methods presented here are highly able to detect early damage even under strong environmental variations and estimate a reliable threshold.

Bridge health monitoring in environmental variability by new clustering and threshold estimation methods

Entezami A.;Salar M.;De Michele C.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Environmental variability is a major challenging issue in bridge health monitoring because bridges are more prone to such variability than other civil structures. To deal with this challenge, this article proposes a new machine-learning method for early damage detection under environmental variability by means of the k-medoids clustering, a new damage indicator, and an innovative approach for selecting a proper cluster number. Estimation of a reliable alarming threshold is another important challenge for early damage detection via most of the machine-learning methods. On this basis, a novel probabilistic approach using the theory of extreme value and a goodness-of-fit measure is proposed to estimate an alarming threshold. The major contributions of this article include proposing a new damage indicator suitable for decision making by clustering-based algorithms, an innovative cluster selection algorithm for dealing with the problem of environmental variability and increasing damage detectability, and a novel probabilistic method for threshold estimation. Modal-based features of the well-known Z24 Bridge are considered to verify the accuracy and effectiveness of the proposed approaches along with several comparative studies. Results show that the methods presented here are highly able to detect early damage even under strong environmental variations and estimate a reliable threshold.
2021
Clustering
Environmental variability
Extreme value theory
Statistical distance measure
Structural health monitoring
Threshold estimation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1172510
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