Near infrared light pulses, multiply scattered by random media, carry useful information regarding the sample key constituents and their microstructures. Usually, the photon diffusion equation is used to interpret the data, which neglects any interference effect in the detected light fields. However, in several experimental techniques, such as diffuse correlation spectroscopy or laser speckle flowmetry, the effect of light coherence is exploited to retrieve the information on the sample dynamical properties. Here, using an actively mode-locked Ti:Sapphire laser, we report the observation of temporal fluctuations in the diffused light pulse, which cannot be described by the diffusion theory. We demonstrate the sensitivity of these fluctuations on the sample dynamical properties and on the number of detected coherence areas (i.e., speckles). In addition, after interpreting the effect as a time-resolved speckle pattern, we propose a simple statistical method for its quantification. The proposed approach may enable the simultaneous monitoring of the static (absorption and scattering coefficients) and dynamical (Brownian diffusion coefficient) properties of the sample, and also provide physical insight on the propagation of optical waves in random media.

Coherent fluctuations in time-domain diffuse optics

Colombo L.;Lanka P.;Ancora D.;Sawosz P.;Liebert A.;Pifferi A.
2020

Abstract

Near infrared light pulses, multiply scattered by random media, carry useful information regarding the sample key constituents and their microstructures. Usually, the photon diffusion equation is used to interpret the data, which neglects any interference effect in the detected light fields. However, in several experimental techniques, such as diffuse correlation spectroscopy or laser speckle flowmetry, the effect of light coherence is exploited to retrieve the information on the sample dynamical properties. Here, using an actively mode-locked Ti:Sapphire laser, we report the observation of temporal fluctuations in the diffused light pulse, which cannot be described by the diffusion theory. We demonstrate the sensitivity of these fluctuations on the sample dynamical properties and on the number of detected coherence areas (i.e., speckles). In addition, after interpreting the effect as a time-resolved speckle pattern, we propose a simple statistical method for its quantification. The proposed approach may enable the simultaneous monitoring of the static (absorption and scattering coefficients) and dynamical (Brownian diffusion coefficient) properties of the sample, and also provide physical insight on the propagation of optical waves in random media.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1171020
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