Sediment yield from mountain basins and solid transport in rivers are widely studied and still represent a major issue when dealing with hydrogeological hazard. The correct determination of flooding scenarios involving huge amounts of debris also has implications for cities and human infrastructure safety. However, studies focused on catchment scale modeling tend to decouple the hydraulic processes from the sediment yield processes. Indeed, a large amount of hydraulics research literature has focused on hydro-morphological river models in which the sediment yield must be provided only as a boundary condition. This approach has clear limits, and decoupling such processes could lead to a weak understanding of the complexity of interactions within the watershed. To overcome such limitations, a new approach is proposed. The project we present aims to develop a complete model able to simulate sediment yield: from slope erosion down to in flow transport. The use of innovative mathematical approaches seeks to improve accuracy and performance over classical models and to find a right balance between computational cost and detailed description of physical processes. The model relies mainly on preexisting geographic databases to retrieve data. A set of test synthetic cases are also presented in the final part of the work.

Sediment Yield in Mountain Basins, Analysis, and Management: The SMART-SED Project

Papini, Monica;Ivanov, Vladislav Ivov;Bonaventura, Luca;Abbate, Andrea;Longoni, Laura
2020

Abstract

Sediment yield from mountain basins and solid transport in rivers are widely studied and still represent a major issue when dealing with hydrogeological hazard. The correct determination of flooding scenarios involving huge amounts of debris also has implications for cities and human infrastructure safety. However, studies focused on catchment scale modeling tend to decouple the hydraulic processes from the sediment yield processes. Indeed, a large amount of hydraulics research literature has focused on hydro-morphological river models in which the sediment yield must be provided only as a boundary condition. This approach has clear limits, and decoupling such processes could lead to a weak understanding of the complexity of interactions within the watershed. To overcome such limitations, a new approach is proposed. The project we present aims to develop a complete model able to simulate sediment yield: from slope erosion down to in flow transport. The use of innovative mathematical approaches seeks to improve accuracy and performance over classical models and to find a right balance between computational cost and detailed description of physical processes. The model relies mainly on preexisting geographic databases to retrieve data. A set of test synthetic cases are also presented in the final part of the work.
Applied Geology Approaches to Future Resource Management
978-3-030-43952-1
978-3-030-43953-8
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1171013
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