A distributed hydrological energy-water-balance model (FEST-EWB) is calibrated over the Heihe Basin, a mainly desertic basin in China, employing remotely-sensed Land Surface Temperature (LST) (MODIS, 1-km resolution) as calibration variable. This approach overcomes the problem of model parameters characterization, which are usually difficult to define especially over large basins, allowing a pixel-by-pixel calibration, preserving the spatial heterogeneity. Hence, the spatial distribution of the modelled LST, but also of soil moisture (SM) and evapotranspiration (ET) is improved. The accuracy of the calibration process is documented through common statistical indexes. The modelled ET is compared locally against two eddy covariance stations in the agricultural area, while distributively against the ET estimates of the ETMonitor model and some global re-analysis products (ERA-Interim, GLDAS2, GLEAM and MERRA-2). Calibration and validation performed in this study prove that a considerable model accuracy is attainable even in extremely arid environments. An average LST bias of 2.6 °C is obtained over the basin. A good adaptation of FEST-EWB is also obtained against eddy-covariance stations ET with a little bias around −1 mm/d. On the other hand, the reanalysis products display a much worse performance, with higher absolute biases (around −3.5 mm/d), although with high variability among the models.

Evapotranspiration estimates from an energy-water-balance model calibrated on satellite land surface temperature over the Heihe basin

Paciolla N.;Corbari C.;Jia L.;Mancini M.
2021

Abstract

A distributed hydrological energy-water-balance model (FEST-EWB) is calibrated over the Heihe Basin, a mainly desertic basin in China, employing remotely-sensed Land Surface Temperature (LST) (MODIS, 1-km resolution) as calibration variable. This approach overcomes the problem of model parameters characterization, which are usually difficult to define especially over large basins, allowing a pixel-by-pixel calibration, preserving the spatial heterogeneity. Hence, the spatial distribution of the modelled LST, but also of soil moisture (SM) and evapotranspiration (ET) is improved. The accuracy of the calibration process is documented through common statistical indexes. The modelled ET is compared locally against two eddy covariance stations in the agricultural area, while distributively against the ET estimates of the ETMonitor model and some global re-analysis products (ERA-Interim, GLDAS2, GLEAM and MERRA-2). Calibration and validation performed in this study prove that a considerable model accuracy is attainable even in extremely arid environments. An average LST bias of 2.6 °C is obtained over the basin. A good adaptation of FEST-EWB is also obtained against eddy-covariance stations ET with a little bias around −1 mm/d. On the other hand, the reanalysis products display a much worse performance, with higher absolute biases (around −3.5 mm/d), although with high variability among the models.
Distributed calibration
Eddy covariance stations
Evapotranspiration
Land surface temperature
Meteorological reanalysis
Remote sensing
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1169908
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