Diffractive microstructured surfaces are nowadays increasingly applied to polymeric parts for aesthetic, security and optical functionalities. However, both the machining of the mould blaze-grating and its replication on plastic are still representing challenging issues, from both the technical and economical points of view. In this work, an innovative process chain based on carbide tools micromilling of mould gratings was developed for mass production of diffractive patterns on injection moulded parts. A micromilling experimental campaign was conducted on a nickel-phosphorus (NiP) thick coating to machine a blaze-grating on the mould surface, evaluating the influence of the cutting parameters on the diffractive surface quality. Subsequently, the microstructures were replicated on ABS, PC and PMMA by injection moulding. The roughness parameters Sk, Spk and Svk were added with the idea that their sum is representative of the polymer replication of regular diffraction grating pattern. Moreover, the effect of the moulded grating surface quality on the optical performance was preliminarily assessed. The obtained results show that the proposed process chain is suitable for low-cost mass production of polymeric parts with diffractive microstructures.

Innovative fabrication of diffractive surfaces on plastic parts via textures micromilled on NiP injection moulds

Parenti P.;Annoni M.;
2021

Abstract

Diffractive microstructured surfaces are nowadays increasingly applied to polymeric parts for aesthetic, security and optical functionalities. However, both the machining of the mould blaze-grating and its replication on plastic are still representing challenging issues, from both the technical and economical points of view. In this work, an innovative process chain based on carbide tools micromilling of mould gratings was developed for mass production of diffractive patterns on injection moulded parts. A micromilling experimental campaign was conducted on a nickel-phosphorus (NiP) thick coating to machine a blaze-grating on the mould surface, evaluating the influence of the cutting parameters on the diffractive surface quality. Subsequently, the microstructures were replicated on ABS, PC and PMMA by injection moulding. The roughness parameters Sk, Spk and Svk were added with the idea that their sum is representative of the polymer replication of regular diffraction grating pattern. Moreover, the effect of the moulded grating surface quality on the optical performance was preliminarily assessed. The obtained results show that the proposed process chain is suitable for low-cost mass production of polymeric parts with diffractive microstructures.
Blaze-grating
Microinjection moulding
Micromanufacturing
Micromilling
Process chain
Surface characterization
Texturing
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1161230
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