In the present paper, the first results of an experimental analysis carried out to assess the performance of a water-to-water heat pump in which R1234yf and R1234ze(E) are used as drop-in substitutes of R134a are shown. The heat pump is first tested with R134a to establish a baseline performance and, then, is tested under the same working conditions, i.e. under the same water temperatures at evaporator and condenser outlets, with the above-mentioned HFO refrigerants. The results show that the heating capacity and COP of R1234yf system are up to 9.8% and 6.1% respectively lower than those obtained with R134a. On the other side, the use of R1234ze(E) leads to a capacity reduction and a COP reduction respectively up to 23.1% and 2.5%. A second set of tests is then carried out varying the rotational frequency of the compressor shaft in order to set the heat pump heating capacity to the same value found with R134a. The experimental results demonstrate that increases up to 17% and 50% are respectively needed for R1234yf and R1234ze(E), but subsequent reductions of heat pump COP up to 7.38% and 18.11% arise.

First experimental results of the use of R1234yf and R1234ze(E) as drop-in substitutes for R134a in a water-to-water heat pump

Molinaroli L.;Lucchini A.;Colombo L. P. M.;
2020

Abstract

In the present paper, the first results of an experimental analysis carried out to assess the performance of a water-to-water heat pump in which R1234yf and R1234ze(E) are used as drop-in substitutes of R134a are shown. The heat pump is first tested with R134a to establish a baseline performance and, then, is tested under the same working conditions, i.e. under the same water temperatures at evaporator and condenser outlets, with the above-mentioned HFO refrigerants. The results show that the heating capacity and COP of R1234yf system are up to 9.8% and 6.1% respectively lower than those obtained with R134a. On the other side, the use of R1234ze(E) leads to a capacity reduction and a COP reduction respectively up to 23.1% and 2.5%. A second set of tests is then carried out varying the rotational frequency of the compressor shaft in order to set the heat pump heating capacity to the same value found with R134a. The experimental results demonstrate that increases up to 17% and 50% are respectively needed for R1234yf and R1234ze(E), but subsequent reductions of heat pump COP up to 7.38% and 18.11% arise.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1157817
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