Hybrid plasmonic-semiconductor assemblies are receiving considerable attention due to the possibility to achieve hot-carrier-based photodetection. In this context, 2D transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) coupled to metal nanostructures are very promising. However, the plasmon-to-TMD carrier injection process is extremely challenging to achieve and even to reveal in a clear-cut way. Herein, a report of multiple transient absorption ultrafast measurements, with tunable pump excitation, enabling quantitative comparison between the ultrafast behavior of metal nanostructures, TMDs, and their assembly is shown. This allows to provide the evidence of plasmon-enhanced charge injection from Au nanostripes to a rippled-shaped molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) few-layer nanosheet. Finite element method numerical simulations and modeling of the transient optical response corroborate the charge transfer mechanism, showing that the experimental data cannot be described in terms of the thermomodulational nonlinearity of gold nanostripes or by simple superposition of metal and semiconductor responses. The sample is obtained by a self-organization process on a large area; this demonstrates that plasmon-enhanced photon harvesting exploiting hot-electron injection can be achieved on a large area (approximately cm2) surface and provides a substantial advancement toward scalable ultrathin photodetection devices based on hot-electrons technology.

Evidence of Plasmon Enhanced Charge Transfer in Large-Area Hybrid Au–MoS2 Metasurface

Camellini A.;Mazzanti A.;Della Valle G.;Zavelani Rossi M.
2020

Abstract

Hybrid plasmonic-semiconductor assemblies are receiving considerable attention due to the possibility to achieve hot-carrier-based photodetection. In this context, 2D transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) coupled to metal nanostructures are very promising. However, the plasmon-to-TMD carrier injection process is extremely challenging to achieve and even to reveal in a clear-cut way. Herein, a report of multiple transient absorption ultrafast measurements, with tunable pump excitation, enabling quantitative comparison between the ultrafast behavior of metal nanostructures, TMDs, and their assembly is shown. This allows to provide the evidence of plasmon-enhanced charge injection from Au nanostripes to a rippled-shaped molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) few-layer nanosheet. Finite element method numerical simulations and modeling of the transient optical response corroborate the charge transfer mechanism, showing that the experimental data cannot be described in terms of the thermomodulational nonlinearity of gold nanostripes or by simple superposition of metal and semiconductor responses. The sample is obtained by a self-organization process on a large area; this demonstrates that plasmon-enhanced photon harvesting exploiting hot-electron injection can be achieved on a large area (approximately cm2) surface and provides a substantial advancement toward scalable ultrathin photodetection devices based on hot-electrons technology.
2D materials
charge transfer
finite element method numerical simulation
surface plasmon
ultrafast spectroscopy
MoS2
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1156919
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