To monitor the stability of a mountain slope in northern Italy, microseismic monitoring technique has been used since 2013. Locating microseismic events is a basic step of this technique. We performed a seismic tomographic survey on the mountain surface above the rock face to obtain a reliable velocity distribution in the rock mass for the localization procedure. Seismic travel-time inversion showed high heterogeneity of the rock mass with strong contrast in velocity distribution. Low velocities were found at shallow depth on the top of the rock cliff and intermediate velocities were observed in the most critical area of the rock face corresponding to a partially detached pillar. Using the 3D velocity model obtained from inversion, localization tests were performed based on the Equal Differential Time (EDT) localization method. The results showed hypocenter misfits to be around 15 m for the five geophones of the microseismic network and the error was significantly decreased compared to the results produced by a constant velocity model. Although the localization errors are relatively large, the accuracy is sufficient to distinguish microseismic events occurring in the most critical zone of the monitored rock mass from microseismic events generated far away. Thus, the 3D velocity model will be used in future studies to improve the classification of the recorded events.

Tomographic experiments for defining the 3D velocity model of an unstable rock slope to support microseismic event interpretation

Zhang Z.;Hojat A.;Zanzi L.
2020

Abstract

To monitor the stability of a mountain slope in northern Italy, microseismic monitoring technique has been used since 2013. Locating microseismic events is a basic step of this technique. We performed a seismic tomographic survey on the mountain surface above the rock face to obtain a reliable velocity distribution in the rock mass for the localization procedure. Seismic travel-time inversion showed high heterogeneity of the rock mass with strong contrast in velocity distribution. Low velocities were found at shallow depth on the top of the rock cliff and intermediate velocities were observed in the most critical area of the rock face corresponding to a partially detached pillar. Using the 3D velocity model obtained from inversion, localization tests were performed based on the Equal Differential Time (EDT) localization method. The results showed hypocenter misfits to be around 15 m for the five geophones of the microseismic network and the error was significantly decreased compared to the results produced by a constant velocity model. Although the localization errors are relatively large, the accuracy is sufficient to distinguish microseismic events occurring in the most critical zone of the monitored rock mass from microseismic events generated far away. Thus, the 3D velocity model will be used in future studies to improve the classification of the recorded events.
Inverse theory
Seismic instruments
Seismic noise
Seismic tomography
Wave propagation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1155291
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