This work focuses on the behaviour of granular materials under unsteady, simple shear conditions and, in particular, on from solid- to fluid-like phase transition. The authors introduce a theoretical model, based on continuum mechanics, able of predicting the mechanical behaviour of granular media under both quasi-static and dynamic conditions. The model assumes a parallel scheme where confining and shear stresses are computed as the sum of two contributions: the quasi-static and the collisional one. The quasi-static contribution is obtained by employing an elastic–plastic model including the critical state concept, while the collisional one is derived from the kinetic theory of granular gases. In order to test the model under unsteady conditions, DEM numerical simulations of time evolving homogeneous shear flows have been performed by considering an assembly of frictional, deformable spheres, under constant volume conditions. Simulations have been performed by systematically changing both void ratio and shear rate. The comparison between theoretical model predictions and DEM results is done in terms of time evolution of stresses and granular temperature. Suitable initial conditions are imposed to reproduce both solid to fluid (liquefaction) and fluid to solid (solidification) phase transitions.

Modelling phase transition in granular materials: From discontinuum to continuum

Vescovi D.;Redaelli I.;di Prisco C.
2020-01-01

Abstract

This work focuses on the behaviour of granular materials under unsteady, simple shear conditions and, in particular, on from solid- to fluid-like phase transition. The authors introduce a theoretical model, based on continuum mechanics, able of predicting the mechanical behaviour of granular media under both quasi-static and dynamic conditions. The model assumes a parallel scheme where confining and shear stresses are computed as the sum of two contributions: the quasi-static and the collisional one. The quasi-static contribution is obtained by employing an elastic–plastic model including the critical state concept, while the collisional one is derived from the kinetic theory of granular gases. In order to test the model under unsteady conditions, DEM numerical simulations of time evolving homogeneous shear flows have been performed by considering an assembly of frictional, deformable spheres, under constant volume conditions. Simulations have been performed by systematically changing both void ratio and shear rate. The comparison between theoretical model predictions and DEM results is done in terms of time evolution of stresses and granular temperature. Suitable initial conditions are imposed to reproduce both solid to fluid (liquefaction) and fluid to solid (solidification) phase transitions.
Constitutive modelling
DEM simulations
Granular flows
Liquefaction
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1150766
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