This works focuses on a series of experimental tests carried out to investigate overpressures in tunnels due to train crossings. Although the above‐mentioned topic is well known and also defined in European standards, in the literature full‐scale data are lacking, which are useful to validate the numerical codes required in the certification process and are used in train structural dimensioning. In this respect, an extensive full‐scale experimental campaign was planned for observing as many test conditions as possible, such as single passages of different trains, two train crossing, different tests speed, and different tunnel characteristics. In detail, the understanding of the pressure wave generation and transmission is deeply enhanced by studying the pressure evolution both on board and at trackside, considering both single train passages or two trains crossings and having the possibility to compare aerodynamic loads on sealed and unsealed trains. Furthermore, the position of sensors, the speed of the train, and the initial conditions within the tunnel have been proven to be fundamental parameters for properly estimating the pressure loads on trains.

Full-Scale Experimental Investigation of the Interaction between Trains and Tunnels

Somaschini, Claudio;Argentini, Tommaso;Brambilla, Elia;Rocchi, Daniele;Schito, Paolo;Tomasini, Gisella
2020-01-01

Abstract

This works focuses on a series of experimental tests carried out to investigate overpressures in tunnels due to train crossings. Although the above‐mentioned topic is well known and also defined in European standards, in the literature full‐scale data are lacking, which are useful to validate the numerical codes required in the certification process and are used in train structural dimensioning. In this respect, an extensive full‐scale experimental campaign was planned for observing as many test conditions as possible, such as single passages of different trains, two train crossing, different tests speed, and different tunnel characteristics. In detail, the understanding of the pressure wave generation and transmission is deeply enhanced by studying the pressure evolution both on board and at trackside, considering both single train passages or two trains crossings and having the possibility to compare aerodynamic loads on sealed and unsealed trains. Furthermore, the position of sensors, the speed of the train, and the initial conditions within the tunnel have been proven to be fundamental parameters for properly estimating the pressure loads on trains.
high‐speed trains
tunnels
experimental data
pressure signature
full‐scale tests
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1148783
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