Recently, researchers have focused on the role of gut microbiota on human health and reported the existence of a bidirectional relationship between intestinal microbiota and the brain, referred to as microbiota-gut-brain axis (MGBA). In this context, the development of an organ-on-a-chip platform recapitulating the main players of the MGBA would help in the investigations of the biochemical mechanisms involved. In this work, we focused on the development of a new, hydrogel-based, 3D brain like-tissue model to be hosted in the brain compartment of the aforementioned platform. We previously cultured primary mouse microglial cells, cortical neurons and astrocytes independently, once embedded or covered by a millimeter layer of two selected collagen-based hydrogels. We evaluated cell metabolic activity up to 21 days, cell morphology, spatial distribution and synapse formation. Then, we exploited the best performing culturing condition and developed a more complex brain-like tissue model based on the co-culture of cortical neurons and glial cells in physiological conditions. The obtained results indicate that our 3D hydrogel-based brain tissue model is suitable to recapitulate in vitro the key biochemical parameters of brain tissue.

3D brain tissue physiological model with co-cultured primary neurons and glial cells in hydrogels

I. Raimondi;M. Tunesi;C. Giordano
2020

Abstract

Recently, researchers have focused on the role of gut microbiota on human health and reported the existence of a bidirectional relationship between intestinal microbiota and the brain, referred to as microbiota-gut-brain axis (MGBA). In this context, the development of an organ-on-a-chip platform recapitulating the main players of the MGBA would help in the investigations of the biochemical mechanisms involved. In this work, we focused on the development of a new, hydrogel-based, 3D brain like-tissue model to be hosted in the brain compartment of the aforementioned platform. We previously cultured primary mouse microglial cells, cortical neurons and astrocytes independently, once embedded or covered by a millimeter layer of two selected collagen-based hydrogels. We evaluated cell metabolic activity up to 21 days, cell morphology, spatial distribution and synapse formation. Then, we exploited the best performing culturing condition and developed a more complex brain-like tissue model based on the co-culture of cortical neurons and glial cells in physiological conditions. The obtained results indicate that our 3D hydrogel-based brain tissue model is suitable to recapitulate in vitro the key biochemical parameters of brain tissue.
brain in vitro models, neural cells, 3D culture, hydrogels, collagen
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1148324
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