Landform detection and analysis from Digital Elevation Models (DEM) of the Earth has been boosted by the availability of high-quality public data sets. Current landform identification methods apply heuristic algorithms based on predefined landform features, fine tuned with parameters that may depend on the region of interest. In this paper, we investigate the use of Deep Learning (DL) models to identify mountain summits based on features learned from data examples. We train DL models with the coordinates of known summits found in public databases and apply the trained models to DEM data obtaining as output the coordinates of candidate summits. We introduce two formulations of summit recognition (as a classification or a segmentation task), describe the respective DL models, compare them with heuristic methods quantitatively, illustrate qualitatively their performances, and discuss the challenges of training DL methods for landform recognition with highly unbalanced and noisy data sets.

Mountain summit detection with Deep Learning: evaluation and comparison with heuristic methods

Torres R. N.;Fraternali P.;Milani F.;Frajberg D.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Landform detection and analysis from Digital Elevation Models (DEM) of the Earth has been boosted by the availability of high-quality public data sets. Current landform identification methods apply heuristic algorithms based on predefined landform features, fine tuned with parameters that may depend on the region of interest. In this paper, we investigate the use of Deep Learning (DL) models to identify mountain summits based on features learned from data examples. We train DL models with the coordinates of known summits found in public databases and apply the trained models to DEM data obtaining as output the coordinates of candidate summits. We introduce two formulations of summit recognition (as a classification or a segmentation task), describe the respective DL models, compare them with heuristic methods quantitatively, illustrate qualitatively their performances, and discuss the challenges of training DL methods for landform recognition with highly unbalanced and noisy data sets.
2020
Citizen science
Crowdsourcing
Deep Learning
DEM
GIS
Landforms mapping
Mountains
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1146533
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