In this article we propose a methodology for the reconstruction of sound fields in arbitrary locations based on the signals acquired by a spatial distribution of compact microphone arrays (virtual miking). The proposed method is suitable for operating in reverberant environments, thanks to a two-stage analysis process, the former of which aims at separating the direct and the diffuse components of the sound field. The method that we propose is inherently parametric, as the sources of the acoustic scene are characterized by parameters describing location and directivity (spherical harmonics expansion), which are extracted from the exterior model of the direct component of the sound field. Once the parameters of the sources are extracted, the direct sound field at an arbitrary location is reconstructed. The diffuse component is reconstructed from the joint knowledge of the diffuse component at the locations of the distributed microphone arrays, under the assumption of isotropic behavior. Results show that the proposed technique is able to analyze the sound field and reconstruct the parameters of the sources that are active in the scene. In addition, the synthesis of the signals at the virtual microphone locations turns out to accurately match (in terms of spatial cues) the actual sound field, as measured by a microphone places in the desired location.

A Parametric Approach to Virtual Miking for Sources of Arbitrary Directivity

Pezzoli, M;Borra, F;Antonacci, F;Tubaro, S;Sarti, A
2020-01-01

Abstract

In this article we propose a methodology for the reconstruction of sound fields in arbitrary locations based on the signals acquired by a spatial distribution of compact microphone arrays (virtual miking). The proposed method is suitable for operating in reverberant environments, thanks to a two-stage analysis process, the former of which aims at separating the direct and the diffuse components of the sound field. The method that we propose is inherently parametric, as the sources of the acoustic scene are characterized by parameters describing location and directivity (spherical harmonics expansion), which are extracted from the exterior model of the direct component of the sound field. Once the parameters of the sources are extracted, the direct sound field at an arbitrary location is reconstructed. The diffuse component is reconstructed from the joint knowledge of the diffuse component at the locations of the distributed microphone arrays, under the assumption of isotropic behavior. Results show that the proposed technique is able to analyze the sound field and reconstruct the parameters of the sources that are active in the scene. In addition, the synthesis of the signals at the virtual microphone locations turns out to accurately match (in terms of spatial cues) the actual sound field, as measured by a microphone places in the desired location.
2020
Acoustics
Microphone arrays
Time-frequency analysis
Parametric statistics
Harmonic analysis
Estimation
Distributed microphone arrays
virtual microphone
source localization
sound field reconstruction
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1146254
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