Hybrid microgrids represent a cost-effective and viable option to ensure access to energy in rural areas located far from the main grid. Nonetheless, the sizing of rural microgrids is complicated by the lack of models capable of accounting for the evolution of the energy demand over time,which is likely to occur in such contexts as a result of themodification of users' lifestyles. To tackle this issue, the present study aims at developing a novel, long-term optimisation model formulation, capable of accounting for load evolution and performing suitable investment decisions for capacity expansion along the time horizon. Multiple scenarios of load evolution are considered to evaluate the beneficial effects of this novel approach, through the coupling of the modelwith a tool for stochastic load profiles generation. The results show how this implementation brings lower Net Present Cost to the project and improved correspondence between actual electricity demand and microgrid sizing. Finally, a sensitivity analysis evaluates the robustness of the approach with respect to input data variability and the Loss of Load parameter.

Long-term sizing of rural microgrids: Accounting for load evolution through multi-step investment plan and stochastic optimization

Nicolò Stevanato;Francesco Lombardi;Giulia Guidicini;Lorenzo Rinaldi;Emanuela Colombo
2020

Abstract

Hybrid microgrids represent a cost-effective and viable option to ensure access to energy in rural areas located far from the main grid. Nonetheless, the sizing of rural microgrids is complicated by the lack of models capable of accounting for the evolution of the energy demand over time,which is likely to occur in such contexts as a result of themodification of users' lifestyles. To tackle this issue, the present study aims at developing a novel, long-term optimisation model formulation, capable of accounting for load evolution and performing suitable investment decisions for capacity expansion along the time horizon. Multiple scenarios of load evolution are considered to evaluate the beneficial effects of this novel approach, through the coupling of the modelwith a tool for stochastic load profiles generation. The results show how this implementation brings lower Net Present Cost to the project and improved correspondence between actual electricity demand and microgrid sizing. Finally, a sensitivity analysis evaluates the robustness of the approach with respect to input data variability and the Loss of Load parameter.
Microgrid, Off-grid, Rural electrification, Load evolution, Multi-step investment
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1146086
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