In this work, a fundamental and systematic study was conducted, leading to a better understanding of the phenomena occurring on the catalyst's surface during the NOx reduction process in NSR systems. For this purpose, ceria-based catalysts, with Cu in substitution of noble metal, have been synthesized and deeply characterized by means of XRF, XPS, in situ (XRD, Raman spectroscopy and DRIFTS), temperature-programmed reduction under H2 (H2-TPR) and under NO reaction (NO isothermal reaction + NO-TPR). The whole results show the key role of copper to promote the reducibility and the creation of oxygen vacancies, allowing a high NO consumption and fast kinetics of N2O and N2 formation, until the oxygen vacancies consumption takes place. The study of the surface reactions taking place in the formation of adsorbed NOx species and the oxygen vacancies consumption with NO uptake is complex; however, a hydroxyl consumption route is found to be involved. The reduction of NO provided higher levels of N2 at higher temperatures; also, a very high efficiency of the previously created oxygen vacancies was found for this process.

Ceria-based catalysts for NOx removal in NSR processes: A fundamental study of the catalyst modifications explored by in situ techniques

Castoldi L.;Lietti L.;
2020

Abstract

In this work, a fundamental and systematic study was conducted, leading to a better understanding of the phenomena occurring on the catalyst's surface during the NOx reduction process in NSR systems. For this purpose, ceria-based catalysts, with Cu in substitution of noble metal, have been synthesized and deeply characterized by means of XRF, XPS, in situ (XRD, Raman spectroscopy and DRIFTS), temperature-programmed reduction under H2 (H2-TPR) and under NO reaction (NO isothermal reaction + NO-TPR). The whole results show the key role of copper to promote the reducibility and the creation of oxygen vacancies, allowing a high NO consumption and fast kinetics of N2O and N2 formation, until the oxygen vacancies consumption takes place. The study of the surface reactions taking place in the formation of adsorbed NOx species and the oxygen vacancies consumption with NO uptake is complex; however, a hydroxyl consumption route is found to be involved. The reduction of NO provided higher levels of N2 at higher temperatures; also, a very high efficiency of the previously created oxygen vacancies was found for this process.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1144959
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