Coupling heat and electricity through power-to-heat (P2H) technologies is raising increasing attention. It allows, on the one hand, to substitute traditional heating technologies with highly-efficient heat pumps (HPs), while, on the other hand, exploiting cost-effective thermal storage options (TES) such as hot water tanks, ultimately increasing system flexibility and renewables penetration. Nonetheless, an accurate assessment of the benefits that may be ensured by a country-wide diffusion of P2H technologies is hindered by computational difficulties in representing large numbers of distributed HPs and TES systems within regional-or country-scale energy models. In this work, we simulate large numbers of individual HPs and TES systems and compute the realistic aggregate electricity consumption associated with those. Various relevant regulation logics are simulated, either thermostatically-controlled or aggregator-controlled. For the latter, we show that an equivalent virtual power plant (VPP) representation ensures sufficient accuracy for use in large-scale energy models (NRMSE<10%). Finally, we evaluate the flexibility potential ensured by the different P2H configurations considered, by incorporating those into an open energy system optimisation model. We show that flexibility and decarbonisation benefits are achieved in all configurations, although they increase (up to-89.5 GWh/week of primary energy savings) with the degree of 'smartness' and PV-friendliness of P2H operation logics.

Modelling distributed Power-to-Heat technologies as a flexibility option for smart heat-electricity integration

F. Lombardi;E. Colombo
2020

Abstract

Coupling heat and electricity through power-to-heat (P2H) technologies is raising increasing attention. It allows, on the one hand, to substitute traditional heating technologies with highly-efficient heat pumps (HPs), while, on the other hand, exploiting cost-effective thermal storage options (TES) such as hot water tanks, ultimately increasing system flexibility and renewables penetration. Nonetheless, an accurate assessment of the benefits that may be ensured by a country-wide diffusion of P2H technologies is hindered by computational difficulties in representing large numbers of distributed HPs and TES systems within regional-or country-scale energy models. In this work, we simulate large numbers of individual HPs and TES systems and compute the realistic aggregate electricity consumption associated with those. Various relevant regulation logics are simulated, either thermostatically-controlled or aggregator-controlled. For the latter, we show that an equivalent virtual power plant (VPP) representation ensures sufficient accuracy for use in large-scale energy models (NRMSE<10%). Finally, we evaluate the flexibility potential ensured by the different P2H configurations considered, by incorporating those into an open energy system optimisation model. We show that flexibility and decarbonisation benefits are achieved in all configurations, although they increase (up to-89.5 GWh/week of primary energy savings) with the degree of 'smartness' and PV-friendliness of P2H operation logics.
Proceedings of the 33rd International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmentl Impact of Energy Ststems (ECOS 2020)
Power-to-Heat, Modelling, Heat pumps, Flexibility, Smart Energy Systems.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1143671
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