Background and aim: The COVID-19 pandemic has upended the global healthcare systems. The surge in infections and sick critically ill patients has tested the resilience of healthcare infrastructures and facilities forcing organizations to quickly adapt and embrace emergency solutions. The paper proposes a decalogue of strategies applicable both to new hospitals and to the refurbishment of existing hospitals. Methods: The authors conducted observations at hospitals, during public health webinars and through experts working groups from March to May 2020. Results: In this commentary, the authors present a list of strategies for creating critical care surge capacity and exploring design strategies for healthcare design for resilient hospital facilities. The strategies are organized into two tiers: design and operations. Design phase strategies are: 01.Strategic Site Location; 02.Typology Configuration; 03.Flexibility; 04.Functional program; 05.User-centerdness. Operation phase strategies are: 06.Healthcare network on the territory; 07.Patient safety; 08.HVAC and indoor air quality; 09.Innovative finishing materials and furniture; 10.Healthcare digital innovation. Conclusions: Hospitals, health care systems, and institutions urgently need to assess their resources, identify potential bottlenecks, and create strategies for increasing critical care surge capacity. The COVID-19 pandemic accelerated the processes of innovation and transformation and the presented design and operational strategies can enable the achievement of resilient hospital facilities. Further multidisciplinary researches are needed to validate the strategies empirically.

COVID-19 and Healthcare Facilities. A Decalogue of Design Strategies for Resilient Hospitals

Stefano Capolongo;Marco Gola;Andrea Brambilla;Alessandro Morganti;Erica Isa Mosca;
2020

Abstract

Background and aim: The COVID-19 pandemic has upended the global healthcare systems. The surge in infections and sick critically ill patients has tested the resilience of healthcare infrastructures and facilities forcing organizations to quickly adapt and embrace emergency solutions. The paper proposes a decalogue of strategies applicable both to new hospitals and to the refurbishment of existing hospitals. Methods: The authors conducted observations at hospitals, during public health webinars and through experts working groups from March to May 2020. Results: In this commentary, the authors present a list of strategies for creating critical care surge capacity and exploring design strategies for healthcare design for resilient hospital facilities. The strategies are organized into two tiers: design and operations. Design phase strategies are: 01.Strategic Site Location; 02.Typology Configuration; 03.Flexibility; 04.Functional program; 05.User-centerdness. Operation phase strategies are: 06.Healthcare network on the territory; 07.Patient safety; 08.HVAC and indoor air quality; 09.Innovative finishing materials and furniture; 10.Healthcare digital innovation. Conclusions: Hospitals, health care systems, and institutions urgently need to assess their resources, identify potential bottlenecks, and create strategies for increasing critical care surge capacity. The COVID-19 pandemic accelerated the processes of innovation and transformation and the presented design and operational strategies can enable the achievement of resilient hospital facilities. Further multidisciplinary researches are needed to validate the strategies empirically.
COVID19; Hospital; Healthcare facilities; Built Environment; flexibility; resilience; evidence based design; user centerdness; digital innovation; patient safety
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1142201
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