We analyze the response of a type II superconducting wire to an external magnetic field parallel to it in the framework of Ginzburg–Landau theory. We focus on the surface superconductivity regime of applied field between the second and third critical values, where the superconducting state survives only close to the sample’s boundary. Our first finding is that, in first approximation, the shape of the boundary plays no role in determining the density of superconducting electrons. A second order term is however isolated, directly proportional to the mean curvature of the boundary. This demonstrates that points of higher boundary curvature (counted inwards) attract superconducting electrons.

Universal and shape dependent features of surface superconductivity

Correggi M.;
2017-01-01

Abstract

We analyze the response of a type II superconducting wire to an external magnetic field parallel to it in the framework of Ginzburg–Landau theory. We focus on the surface superconductivity regime of applied field between the second and third critical values, where the superconducting state survives only close to the sample’s boundary. Our first finding is that, in first approximation, the shape of the boundary plays no role in determining the density of superconducting electrons. A second order term is however isolated, directly proportional to the mean curvature of the boundary. This demonstrates that points of higher boundary curvature (counted inwards) attract superconducting electrons.
Solid State and Materials
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1134398
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