Electromagnetic docking could enable autonomous spacecraft docking with no need for propellant consumption and without plume contamination. This paper addresses the robust electromagnetic docking problem for spacecraft in the presence of external disturbances, fault signals, unknown mass, elliptical eccentricity, measurement errors and input constraints. In this scenario, an intermediate observer is developed to estimate the relative motion information and the lumped disturbance resulting from these uncertainties. Based on this, an anti-disturbance controller is proposed, where the compensation of the lumped disturbance is considered. It is proved via Lyapunov analysis that the intermediate observer-based controller can achieve the objective of spacecraft electromagnetic docking with input constraints and in the presence of uncertainties. Finally, the observer-based controller is illustrated, in simulation, to demonstrate the effectiveness and improved performance compared with a disturbance observer-based controller.

Observer-based control for spacecraft electromagnetic docking

Biggs J. D.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Electromagnetic docking could enable autonomous spacecraft docking with no need for propellant consumption and without plume contamination. This paper addresses the robust electromagnetic docking problem for spacecraft in the presence of external disturbances, fault signals, unknown mass, elliptical eccentricity, measurement errors and input constraints. In this scenario, an intermediate observer is developed to estimate the relative motion information and the lumped disturbance resulting from these uncertainties. Based on this, an anti-disturbance controller is proposed, where the compensation of the lumped disturbance is considered. It is proved via Lyapunov analysis that the intermediate observer-based controller can achieve the objective of spacecraft electromagnetic docking with input constraints and in the presence of uncertainties. Finally, the observer-based controller is illustrated, in simulation, to demonstrate the effectiveness and improved performance compared with a disturbance observer-based controller.
Input constraints; Intermediate observer; Measurement errors; Spacecraft electromagnetic docking; Unknown mass
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1132401
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