In the last years, the EU and scientific community put a lot of effort in trying to increase the sustainability in renovated buildings by introducing novel concepts and technologies. This paper presents the outcomes of a retrofit case study carried out within the Heat4Cool H2020 project concerning space heating (SH) and domestic hot water (DHW) systems. The case study is a multi-family residential building located in Chorzow, Poland, where the SH and DHW are provided by natural gas boilers present in each apartment. The proposed approach is to combine the existing gas boilers with phase change material storages (PCM) and a direct current air source heat pump (DC-EHP) assisted by a photovoltaic system (PV) connected to the grid. TRNSYS was used for the dynamic simulations, and to support the introduction of the retrofit layout. New custom TRNSYS' types were developed for each technology and tested against experimental data provided by industrial partners. Furthermore, a state-of-the-art rule-based controller was developed combining TRNSYS with a MATLAB's script and tested against an interior point optimal control algorithm. In the best-case scenario the yearly primary energy savings are more than 30% accounting for the PV energy sold to the grid and around 11% considering only self-consumption, while the pay-back time is around 10 years considering EU28 economic conditions and 20% overall discount for the renovation project.
|Titolo:||Building hvac retrofitting using a pv assisted dc heat pump coupled with a pcm heat battery and optimal control algorithm|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||04.1 Contributo in Atti di convegno|