Catalytic partial oxidation (CPO) of logistic fuels is a promising technology for the small-scale and on-board production of syngas (H2 and CO). Rh coated monoliths can be used as catalysts that, due to Rh high activity, allow the use of reduced reactor volumes (with contact time in the order of milliseconds) and the achievement of high syngas yield. As the CPO process is globally exothermic, it can be operated in adiabatic reactors. The reaction mechanism of the CPO process involves the superposition of exothermic and endothermic reactions at the catalyst inlet. Thus, a hot spot temperature is formed, which may lead to catalyst deactivation via sintering. In this work, the effect of the flow rate on the overall performance of a CPO-reformer has been studied, using iso-octane as model fuel. The focus has been on thermal behavior. The experimental investigation consisted of iC8-CPO tests at varying total flow rates from 5 to 15 NL/min, wherein axially resolved temperature and composition measurements were performed. The increase of flow rate resulted in a progressive increase of the hot spot temperature, with partial loss of activity in the entry zone of the monolith (as evidenced by repeated reference tests of CH4-CPO); conversely, the adiabatic character of the reformer improved. A detailed modelling analysis provided the means for the interpretation of the observed results. The temperature hot spot can be limited by acting on the operating conditions of the process. However, a tradeoff is required between the stability of the catalyst and the achievement of high performances (syngas yield, reactants conversion, and reactor adiabaticity).

Thermal deactivation of Rh/α-Al2O3 in the catalytic partial oxidation of iso-octane: Effect of flow rate

BATISTA DA SILVA JUNIOR, ROBERTO;Carrera A.;Beretta A.;Groppi G.
2019-01-01

Abstract

Catalytic partial oxidation (CPO) of logistic fuels is a promising technology for the small-scale and on-board production of syngas (H2 and CO). Rh coated monoliths can be used as catalysts that, due to Rh high activity, allow the use of reduced reactor volumes (with contact time in the order of milliseconds) and the achievement of high syngas yield. As the CPO process is globally exothermic, it can be operated in adiabatic reactors. The reaction mechanism of the CPO process involves the superposition of exothermic and endothermic reactions at the catalyst inlet. Thus, a hot spot temperature is formed, which may lead to catalyst deactivation via sintering. In this work, the effect of the flow rate on the overall performance of a CPO-reformer has been studied, using iso-octane as model fuel. The focus has been on thermal behavior. The experimental investigation consisted of iC8-CPO tests at varying total flow rates from 5 to 15 NL/min, wherein axially resolved temperature and composition measurements were performed. The increase of flow rate resulted in a progressive increase of the hot spot temperature, with partial loss of activity in the entry zone of the monolith (as evidenced by repeated reference tests of CH4-CPO); conversely, the adiabatic character of the reformer improved. A detailed modelling analysis provided the means for the interpretation of the observed results. The temperature hot spot can be limited by acting on the operating conditions of the process. However, a tradeoff is required between the stability of the catalyst and the achievement of high performances (syngas yield, reactants conversion, and reactor adiabaticity).
2019
CPO reactor; Deactivation; Effect of flow rate; Iso-octane; Rh catalysts
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1127101
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