The tissue equivalent proportional counter (TEPC) is the most accurate device for measuring the microdosimetric properties of a particle beam, nevertheless no detailed information on the track structure of the impinging particles can be obtained, since the lower operation limit of common TEPCs is about 0.3 μm. On the other hand, the pattern of particle interactions is measured by track-nanodosimetry, which derives the single-event distribution of ionization cluster size at the nanometric scale. Anyway, only three nanodosimeters are available worldwide. A feasibility study for extending the performances of TEPC down to the nanometric region was performed and a novel avalanche-confinement TEPC was designed and constructed. This detector is constituted by a cylindrical chamber, based on a three-electrode structure, connected to a vacuum and gas flow system to ensure a continuous replacement of the tissue equivalent gas, thus allowing to simulate different biological site sizes in the range 300-25 nm. This TEPC can be calibrated by exploiting a built-in alpha source and a miniaturized solid-state detector as a trigger. Irradiations with photons, fast neutrons and two hadron beams demonstrated the good performances of the device. A satisfactory agreement with FLUKA simulations was obtained.
|Titolo:||Microdosimetry on nanometric scale with a new low-pressure avalanche-confinement TEPC|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||04.1 Contributo in Atti di convegno|
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|Bortot_2019_J._Phys.__Conf._Ser._1154_012004.pdf||articolo||Publisher’s version||Accesso riservato|