We combined sub-30 fs broadband transient absorption spectroscopy in the ultraviolet with state-of-the-art quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics simulations to study the ultrafast excited-state dynamics of the sulfur-substituted nucleobase 4-thiouracil. We observed a clear mismatch between the time scales for the decay of the stimulated emission from the bright π π∗ state (76 ± 16 fs, experimentally elusive until now) and the buildup of the photoinduced absorption of the triplet state (225 ± 30 fs). These data provide evidence that the intersystem crossing occurs via a dark state, which is intermediately populated on the sub-100 fs time scale. Nonlinear spectroscopy simulations, extrapolated from a detailed CASPT2/MM decay path topology of the solvated system together with an excited state mixed quantum-classical nonadiabatic dynamics, reproduce the experimental results and explain the experimentally observed vibrational coherences. The theoretical analysis rationalizes the observed different triplet buildup times of 4- and 2-thiouracil.

Observation of the Sub-100 Femtosecond Population of a Dark State in a Thiobase Mediating Intersystem Crossing

Borrego-Varillas R.;Ganzer L.;Manzoni C.;Cerullo G.
2018

Abstract

We combined sub-30 fs broadband transient absorption spectroscopy in the ultraviolet with state-of-the-art quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics simulations to study the ultrafast excited-state dynamics of the sulfur-substituted nucleobase 4-thiouracil. We observed a clear mismatch between the time scales for the decay of the stimulated emission from the bright π π∗ state (76 ± 16 fs, experimentally elusive until now) and the buildup of the photoinduced absorption of the triplet state (225 ± 30 fs). These data provide evidence that the intersystem crossing occurs via a dark state, which is intermediately populated on the sub-100 fs time scale. Nonlinear spectroscopy simulations, extrapolated from a detailed CASPT2/MM decay path topology of the solvated system together with an excited state mixed quantum-classical nonadiabatic dynamics, reproduce the experimental results and explain the experimentally observed vibrational coherences. The theoretical analysis rationalizes the observed different triplet buildup times of 4- and 2-thiouracil.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1123061
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