In quantum mechanics, the eigenvalues and their corresponding probabilities specify the expectation value of a physical observable, which is known to be a statistical property related to large ensembles of particles. In contrast to this paradigm, we demonstrate a unique method allowing to extract the expectation value of a single particle, namely, the polarisation of a single protected photon, with a single experiment. This is the first realisation of quantum protective measurements.

Protective measurements: Extracting the expectation value by measuring a single particle

Lussana R.;Villa F.;Tosi A.;
2018

Abstract

In quantum mechanics, the eigenvalues and their corresponding probabilities specify the expectation value of a physical observable, which is known to be a statistical property related to large ensembles of particles. In contrast to this paradigm, we demonstrate a unique method allowing to extract the expectation value of a single particle, namely, the polarisation of a single protected photon, with a single experiment. This is the first realisation of quantum protective measurements.
Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
9781510618749
9781510618756
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1122044
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