Despite additive manufacturing processes are already widely used in several industrial applications, there are few materials that are specifically designed and optimized for these technologies. Currently, only few Al alloys are available on the market and employed for 3D printing of structural parts. In particular, Si-Mg bearing alloys are the most common Al alloys for additive manufacturing, featuring high processability but moderate mechanical properties. By this work, we studied the effect of Si addition on the hot cracking susceptibility of a high strength Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy. A preliminary activity has been carried out by blending Al-Zn-Mg-Cu and Al-Si-Mg powders and analysing their microstructure and properties achieved after selective laser melting. Eventually a new Al-Zn-Si-Mg-Cu alloy has been designed, produced as powder alloy by gas atomization and tested. The microstructure and phase transformations of the new alloy has been investigated by synchrotron X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry and microscope analysis. The Al-Zn-Si-Mg-Cu alloy processed by selective laser melting featured a relative density of 99.8%, no hot cracks were noticed within the investigated microstructures. The ability of the new alloy to respond to aging starting from both as built and solution annealed conditions has been also evaluated. A good response to direct aging (directly from as built condition) was demonstrated, featuring yield strength and ultimate tensile strength of 402 and 449 MPa, respectively, and hardness of 174 HV after optimized aging at 165 degrees C for 2 h. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Development of a high strength Al–Zn–Si–Mg–Cu alloy for selective laser melting

Casati R.;Vedani M.
2019-01-01

Abstract

Despite additive manufacturing processes are already widely used in several industrial applications, there are few materials that are specifically designed and optimized for these technologies. Currently, only few Al alloys are available on the market and employed for 3D printing of structural parts. In particular, Si-Mg bearing alloys are the most common Al alloys for additive manufacturing, featuring high processability but moderate mechanical properties. By this work, we studied the effect of Si addition on the hot cracking susceptibility of a high strength Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy. A preliminary activity has been carried out by blending Al-Zn-Mg-Cu and Al-Si-Mg powders and analysing their microstructure and properties achieved after selective laser melting. Eventually a new Al-Zn-Si-Mg-Cu alloy has been designed, produced as powder alloy by gas atomization and tested. The microstructure and phase transformations of the new alloy has been investigated by synchrotron X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry and microscope analysis. The Al-Zn-Si-Mg-Cu alloy processed by selective laser melting featured a relative density of 99.8%, no hot cracks were noticed within the investigated microstructures. The ability of the new alloy to respond to aging starting from both as built and solution annealed conditions has been also evaluated. A good response to direct aging (directly from as built condition) was demonstrated, featuring yield strength and ultimate tensile strength of 402 and 449 MPa, respectively, and hardness of 174 HV after optimized aging at 165 degrees C for 2 h. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
2019
Differential scanning calorimetry; High strength Al alloy; Mechanical properties; Metal additive manufacturing; Synchrotron X-ray diffraction
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2019 JALCOM.pdf

Accesso riservato

: Publisher’s version
Dimensione 3.57 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.57 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri
Paper submitted3.pdf

accesso aperto

: Pre-Print (o Pre-Refereeing)
Dimensione 1.34 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.34 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1121722
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 70
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 58
social impact