Ethylene glycol-based solutions containing metal precursor chloride salts were investigated for the electrodeposition of cobalt thin films and nanowires. The electrochemical behavior of 0.5 M Co(II) chloride solution at 70 °C was studied by means of cyclic voltammetry (CV) on a Pt substrate. The reduction process was shown to be irreversible, with high faradaic efficiencies (85–90 %). A diffusion coefficient (D0) of 2.29 × 10−6 cm2 s−1 for the Co species was estimated from the electrochemical behavior at different scan rates (from 25 to 125 mV s−1). The electrodeposition process was also studied on a copper substrate at different cathodic potentials (from −0.75 V vs Pt to −0.95 V vs Pt). Field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and electron dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) revealed high-purity, compact films. Template-assisted electrodeposition resulted in ~16–18 μm long cobalt nanowires with an aspect ratio L/D > 100. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis of Co thin films showed a preferential orientation along the HCP [100] direction, which was even more marked for the nanowires. Vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) highlighted that the fact that Co thin films were magnetized in-plane, while in nanowires a competition between shape and magnetocrystalline anisotropy led to similar magnetic behavior for the in-plane and out-of-plane directions.

Electrodeposition of cobalt thin films and nanowires from ethylene glycol-based solution

Gabriele Panzeri;Alessandra Accogli;Eugenio Gibertini;Sara Varotto;Christian Rinaldi;Luca Nobili;Luca Magagnin
2019-01-01

Abstract

Ethylene glycol-based solutions containing metal precursor chloride salts were investigated for the electrodeposition of cobalt thin films and nanowires. The electrochemical behavior of 0.5 M Co(II) chloride solution at 70 °C was studied by means of cyclic voltammetry (CV) on a Pt substrate. The reduction process was shown to be irreversible, with high faradaic efficiencies (85–90 %). A diffusion coefficient (D0) of 2.29 × 10−6 cm2 s−1 for the Co species was estimated from the electrochemical behavior at different scan rates (from 25 to 125 mV s−1). The electrodeposition process was also studied on a copper substrate at different cathodic potentials (from −0.75 V vs Pt to −0.95 V vs Pt). Field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and electron dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) revealed high-purity, compact films. Template-assisted electrodeposition resulted in ~16–18 μm long cobalt nanowires with an aspect ratio L/D > 100. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis of Co thin films showed a preferential orientation along the HCP [100] direction, which was even more marked for the nanowires. Vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) highlighted that the fact that Co thin films were magnetized in-plane, while in nanowires a competition between shape and magnetocrystalline anisotropy led to similar magnetic behavior for the in-plane and out-of-plane directions.
Organic solvent, Magnetization, Non-aqueous, Electroplating, Alumina template
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1121688
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