The autocorrelation of laser speckles from coherent near infrared light is used for noninvasive estimates of relative changes in blood perfusion in techniques such as laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) and diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS). In this study, a 2D array of single photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) was used to combine the strengths of multiple detectors in LDF with high light sensitivity in DCS. The system was tested on milk phantoms with varying detector fiber diameter (200 and 600 mu m), source-detector fiber separation (4.6-10.2 mm), fiber-SPAD distance (2.5-36.5 mm), contiguous measurement time per repetition for the autocorrelation (1-33 ms) and temperature (15.6-46.7 degrees C). An in vivo blood occlusion test was also performed. The multipixel approach improved signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and, in our setup, the use of a multimode detector fiber was beneficial for SNR. In conclusion, the multipixel system works, but improvements and further studies regarding, for example, the data acquisition and optimal settings are still needed.

A multipixel diffuse correlation spectroscopy system based on a single photon avalanche diode array

Portaluppi D.;Buttafava M.;Villa F.
2019

Abstract

The autocorrelation of laser speckles from coherent near infrared light is used for noninvasive estimates of relative changes in blood perfusion in techniques such as laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) and diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS). In this study, a 2D array of single photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) was used to combine the strengths of multiple detectors in LDF with high light sensitivity in DCS. The system was tested on milk phantoms with varying detector fiber diameter (200 and 600 mu m), source-detector fiber separation (4.6-10.2 mm), fiber-SPAD distance (2.5-36.5 mm), contiguous measurement time per repetition for the autocorrelation (1-33 ms) and temperature (15.6-46.7 degrees C). An in vivo blood occlusion test was also performed. The multipixel approach improved signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and, in our setup, the use of a multimode detector fiber was beneficial for SNR. In conclusion, the multipixel system works, but improvements and further studies regarding, for example, the data acquisition and optimal settings are still needed.
blood flow measurements; diffuse correlation spectroscopy; laser Doppler flowmetry; SPAD array; sezele
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2019 Journal_of_Biophotonics.pdf

accesso aperto

: Post-Print (DRAFT o Author’s Accepted Manuscript-AAM)
Dimensione 1.91 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.91 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1121509
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 10
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 7
social impact