Photonic crystal-based biosensors hold great promise as low-cost devices for real-time monitoring of a variety of biotargets, for example, bacterial contaminants in food. Here, we report the proof-of-concept for a new colorimetric sensor of bacterial contamination, which is based on a novel hybrid plasmonic-photonic device. Our system consists of a layer of silver, a plasmonic metal exhibiting a well-known bioactivity, on top of a one-dimensional photonic crystal. We attribute the bioresponsivity to the formation of polarization charges at the Ag/bacterium interface within a sort of "bio-doping" mechanism. Interestingly, this triggers a blue shift in the photonic response. As an example, we assessed the validity of our approach by detecting one of the most hazardous contaminants, Escherichia coli. This work demonstrates that our device can be a low-cost and portable platform for the detection of common bacterial contaminants.

Hybrid one-dimensional plasmonic-photonic crystals for optical detection of bacterial contaminants

Paterno G. M.;Moscardi L.;Kriegel I.;Zani M.;Parisini E.;Scotognella F.;Lanzani G.
2019

Abstract

Photonic crystal-based biosensors hold great promise as low-cost devices for real-time monitoring of a variety of biotargets, for example, bacterial contaminants in food. Here, we report the proof-of-concept for a new colorimetric sensor of bacterial contamination, which is based on a novel hybrid plasmonic-photonic device. Our system consists of a layer of silver, a plasmonic metal exhibiting a well-known bioactivity, on top of a one-dimensional photonic crystal. We attribute the bioresponsivity to the formation of polarization charges at the Ag/bacterium interface within a sort of "bio-doping" mechanism. Interestingly, this triggers a blue shift in the photonic response. As an example, we assessed the validity of our approach by detecting one of the most hazardous contaminants, Escherichia coli. This work demonstrates that our device can be a low-cost and portable platform for the detection of common bacterial contaminants.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1121108
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