Time-resolved imaging by means of single-photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) has achieved widespread interest in recent years, especially since technological progress has opened the way to the development of multichannel time-correlated single-photon counting (TCSPC) acquisition systems. Unfortunately, currently available TCSPC imagers feature relatively low performance with respect to state-of-the-art single-channel systems. A real breakthrough in this field would be the exploitation of large arrays of high-performance SPAD detectors developed by means of dedicated fabrication processes, usually referred to as custom technology. Custom-technology SPADs require external electronics potentially leading to interconnection issues for densely integrated arrays. In this paper, we present a new fully integrated front-end circuit able to provide both quenching/reset and timing functionalities while requiring a single connection toward the SPAD. This is the first fully integrated circuit reported in literature that can provide both the timing information about the photon time of arrival with a jitter as low as 37 ps and apply high-voltage pulses up to 50 V in order to meet the requirements of several detectors, including the new red-enhanced SPAD. Combining these two capabilities in a single circuit strongly reduces the complexity of the connection between an array of custom-technology SPADs and the relative external front end, thus paving the way for the exploitation of high-performance SPADs in TCSPC imaging systems.

37ps-Precision Time-Resolving Active Quenching Circuit for High-Performance Single Photon Avalanche Diodes

Giulia Acconcia;Massimo Ghioni;Ivan Rech
2018-01-01

Abstract

Time-resolved imaging by means of single-photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) has achieved widespread interest in recent years, especially since technological progress has opened the way to the development of multichannel time-correlated single-photon counting (TCSPC) acquisition systems. Unfortunately, currently available TCSPC imagers feature relatively low performance with respect to state-of-the-art single-channel systems. A real breakthrough in this field would be the exploitation of large arrays of high-performance SPAD detectors developed by means of dedicated fabrication processes, usually referred to as custom technology. Custom-technology SPADs require external electronics potentially leading to interconnection issues for densely integrated arrays. In this paper, we present a new fully integrated front-end circuit able to provide both quenching/reset and timing functionalities while requiring a single connection toward the SPAD. This is the first fully integrated circuit reported in literature that can provide both the timing information about the photon time of arrival with a jitter as low as 37 ps and apply high-voltage pulses up to 50 V in order to meet the requirements of several detectors, including the new red-enhanced SPAD. Combining these two capabilities in a single circuit strongly reduces the complexity of the connection between an array of custom-technology SPADs and the relative external front end, thus paving the way for the exploitation of high-performance SPADs in TCSPC imaging systems.
sezele
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2018_PhotonicsJournal_Acconcia_37psTimeResolvingAqc.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Paper
: Publisher’s version
Dimensione 4.65 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
4.65 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1120131
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 17
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 16
social impact