Over the XVIII Century, different representation techniques combined on a map, i.e at the same time orthogonal projections and perspective view, try to simulate a tridimensional image definitely useful for better understanding and recognizing a place. These representation techniques, even when employed in that time to make war or to state nation boundaries, depict landscape exploiting visual parameters, fixing on maps and drawings very bright colors, shades and tones of objects, coupled with their exact position on the land. Within this framework, the Plan-Relief, which literally means “Relief Map”, is a physical model of a place and can be considered as a case for a very detailed description of landscape and territory in order to get the utmost clarity. Taking in consideration the background, the paper aims mostly to show and illustrate the techniques of landscape drawing and survey, how they had been applied in the several steps required for the design and realization of Plans-Reliefs, particularly focusing on the procedures for providing maps and elevation needed for building the physical model. The analysis about techniques of representation employed in realizing Plans-Reliefs can further allow a comparison with landscape representation nowadays: in fact, after a long time it has been mostly grounded in metrical and geometrical parameters, landscape representation seems to turn again to a perceptual and pictorial criterion.

Drawings, maps and maquettes. Plan-relief landscape depiction

Salerno, R.
2019

Abstract

Over the XVIII Century, different representation techniques combined on a map, i.e at the same time orthogonal projections and perspective view, try to simulate a tridimensional image definitely useful for better understanding and recognizing a place. These representation techniques, even when employed in that time to make war or to state nation boundaries, depict landscape exploiting visual parameters, fixing on maps and drawings very bright colors, shades and tones of objects, coupled with their exact position on the land. Within this framework, the Plan-Relief, which literally means “Relief Map”, is a physical model of a place and can be considered as a case for a very detailed description of landscape and territory in order to get the utmost clarity. Taking in consideration the background, the paper aims mostly to show and illustrate the techniques of landscape drawing and survey, how they had been applied in the several steps required for the design and realization of Plans-Reliefs, particularly focusing on the procedures for providing maps and elevation needed for building the physical model. The analysis about techniques of representation employed in realizing Plans-Reliefs can further allow a comparison with landscape representation nowadays: in fact, after a long time it has been mostly grounded in metrical and geometrical parameters, landscape representation seems to turn again to a perceptual and pictorial criterion.
Ancient topographic techniques, Drawing techniques, Plans-Reliefs, Landscape representation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1110625
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