An experimental facility was designed to measure pressure drop and heat transfer coefficient during flow boiling of azeotropic refrigerants in horizontal tubes. The apparatus is made of the refrigerant circuit, including the test section; the water circuit, to provide the power for evaporation; the glycol-water circuit, to fix the refrigerant pressure. The test section is a counterflow tube-in-tube heat exchanger (refrigerant inside, water outside). Plant assessment involved the measurement of pressure drop and heat transfer during R134a flow boiling in a smooth tube (outer diameter 9.56mm, inner diameter 8.92mm). Such a case study is a benchmark for the availability of a wide experimental database in the literature, which has been also summarized in many correlations. Then further tests involved a microfin tube. The experimental conditions were: evaporation temperature, 5°C; mass flux, 111÷333kg/m2s; average quality, 0.15÷0.93; heat flux, 8.8kW/m2 and 17.6kW/m2. The uncertainty affecting the pressure drop and the heat transfer coefficient resulted lower than 1% and 5% respectively. The comparison with the literature shows satisfactory agreement with the major findings and enables using the data for the assessment of the existing models to predict both the pressure drop and the heat transfer coefficient.

Design and assessment of an experimental facility for the characterization of flow boiling of azeotropic refrigerants in horizontal tubes

Colombo L. P. M.;Lucchini A.;Molinaroli L.;Niro A.
2019

Abstract

An experimental facility was designed to measure pressure drop and heat transfer coefficient during flow boiling of azeotropic refrigerants in horizontal tubes. The apparatus is made of the refrigerant circuit, including the test section; the water circuit, to provide the power for evaporation; the glycol-water circuit, to fix the refrigerant pressure. The test section is a counterflow tube-in-tube heat exchanger (refrigerant inside, water outside). Plant assessment involved the measurement of pressure drop and heat transfer during R134a flow boiling in a smooth tube (outer diameter 9.56mm, inner diameter 8.92mm). Such a case study is a benchmark for the availability of a wide experimental database in the literature, which has been also summarized in many correlations. Then further tests involved a microfin tube. The experimental conditions were: evaporation temperature, 5°C; mass flux, 111÷333kg/m2s; average quality, 0.15÷0.93; heat flux, 8.8kW/m2 and 17.6kW/m2. The uncertainty affecting the pressure drop and the heat transfer coefficient resulted lower than 1% and 5% respectively. The comparison with the literature shows satisfactory agreement with the major findings and enables using the data for the assessment of the existing models to predict both the pressure drop and the heat transfer coefficient.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1104996
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