In recent years, the employment of deep foundations as settlement reducers has become increasingly popular in the design of earth embankments over soft soil strata. To further improve the system response, geosynthetic layers are often positioned at the embankment base. Owing to the presence of both piles and geosynthetics, complex interaction mechanisms, transferring stresses towards the piles and reducing those on the soft foundation soil, take place. Although these mechanisms are governed by the relative stiffness of the various elements constituting this system (piles, foundation soil, embankment and georeinforcements), the approaches commonly adopted to design these “geostructures” do not explicitly take into consideration the stiffness of the single element as design parameters. Moreover, the effect of the stepwise embankment construction process is often disregarded. As a consequence, the settlements at the top of the embankment cannot quantitatively be estimated. In this paper a new model for the evaluation of the settlements at the top of the embankment, considering both the deformability and the yielding of the soils, is presented. The model introduces both the geometry and the soil mechanical properties as constitutive parameters, and explicitly puts in relationship the embankment settlements to the embankment height (herein considered as a generalized loading variable), thus allowing the geotechnician to adopt a direct displacement-based design approach.

A Simplified Approach for the Estimation of Settlements of Earth Embankments on Piled Foundations

di Prisco C.;Flessati L.;Galli A.;MANGRAVITI, VIVIANA
2020-01-01

Abstract

In recent years, the employment of deep foundations as settlement reducers has become increasingly popular in the design of earth embankments over soft soil strata. To further improve the system response, geosynthetic layers are often positioned at the embankment base. Owing to the presence of both piles and geosynthetics, complex interaction mechanisms, transferring stresses towards the piles and reducing those on the soft foundation soil, take place. Although these mechanisms are governed by the relative stiffness of the various elements constituting this system (piles, foundation soil, embankment and georeinforcements), the approaches commonly adopted to design these “geostructures” do not explicitly take into consideration the stiffness of the single element as design parameters. Moreover, the effect of the stepwise embankment construction process is often disregarded. As a consequence, the settlements at the top of the embankment cannot quantitatively be estimated. In this paper a new model for the evaluation of the settlements at the top of the embankment, considering both the deformability and the yielding of the soils, is presented. The model introduces both the geometry and the soil mechanical properties as constitutive parameters, and explicitly puts in relationship the embankment settlements to the embankment height (herein considered as a generalized loading variable), thus allowing the geotechnician to adopt a direct displacement-based design approach.
Geotechnical Research for Land Protection and Development. CNRIG 2019
978-3-030-21358-9
978-3-030-21359-6
Constitutive modelling; Displacement based design; Geosynthetics; Piled embankment
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1093648
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