This paper examines the Vehicle Routing Problem with Stochastic Demands (VRPSD), in which the actual demand of customers can only be realized upon arriving at the customer location. Under demand uncertainty, a planned route may fail at a specific customer when the observed demand exceeds the residual capacity. There are two ways to face such failure events, a vehicle can either execute a return trip to the depot at the failure location and refill the capacity and complete the split service, or in anticipation of potential failures perform a preventive return to the depot whenever the residual capacity falls below a threshold; overall, these return trips are called recourse actions. In the context of VRPSD, a recourse policy which schedules various recourse actions based on the visits planned beforehand on the route must be designed. An optimal recourse policy prescribes the cost-effective returns based on a set of optimal customer-specific thresholds. We propose an exact solution method to solve the multi-VRPSD under an optimal restocking policy. The Integer L-shaped algorithm is adapted to solve the VRPSD in a branch-and-cut framework. To enhance the efficiency of the presented algorithm, several lower bounding schemes are developed to approximate the expected recourse cost.

An exact algorithm to solve the vehicle routing problem with stochastic demands under an optimal restocking policy

Jabali, Ola;
2019-01-01

Abstract

This paper examines the Vehicle Routing Problem with Stochastic Demands (VRPSD), in which the actual demand of customers can only be realized upon arriving at the customer location. Under demand uncertainty, a planned route may fail at a specific customer when the observed demand exceeds the residual capacity. There are two ways to face such failure events, a vehicle can either execute a return trip to the depot at the failure location and refill the capacity and complete the split service, or in anticipation of potential failures perform a preventive return to the depot whenever the residual capacity falls below a threshold; overall, these return trips are called recourse actions. In the context of VRPSD, a recourse policy which schedules various recourse actions based on the visits planned beforehand on the route must be designed. An optimal recourse policy prescribes the cost-effective returns based on a set of optimal customer-specific thresholds. We propose an exact solution method to solve the multi-VRPSD under an optimal restocking policy. The Integer L-shaped algorithm is adapted to solve the VRPSD in a branch-and-cut framework. To enhance the efficiency of the presented algorithm, several lower bounding schemes are developed to approximate the expected recourse cost.
Integer L-shaped algorithm; Lower bounding functionals; Optimal restocking policy; Routing; Stochastic demands; Computer Science (all); Modeling and Simulation; Management Science and Operations Research; Information Systems and Management
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1087447
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