Objective. To determine whether out-of-hospital healthcare and adverse outcomes are better in stroke patients admitted to aneurology ward compared with those admitted to general wards. Methods. Beneficiaries of the National Health Service from the Italian Lombardy Region who were discharged alive afterhospital admission during the year 2009 for ischemic stroke (9776 patients) or intracerebral or subarachnoid hemorrhage(1102 patients) entered into the cohort and were followed until 2012. Exposure of interest was the ward type where inpatientswere admitted (neuro vs. general wards). Outcomes were out-of-hospital healthcare (i.e., drug prescriptions, diagnostic proce-dures, and laboratory clinical evaluations) and adverse clinical outcomes (i.e., all-cause death and hospital readmission).Exposure-outcome associations were investigated. High-dimensional propensity score methodology was used for taking intoaccount confounders. Mediation analysis was used to verify whether the association between ward type and clinical outcomes ismediated by out-of-hospital adherence to healthcare. Results. Better adherence to out-of-hospital healthcare received from patients discharged from neuro, rather than general, wardswas observed being the proportions of adherent patients 42.4% and 39.5%, respectively. Compared with general wards, dischargefrom neuro was associated with reduced 3-year emergency admissions (from 50.1 to 47.5% among ischemic stroke patients) andreduced 3-year mortality (from 37.5 to 27.0% among hemorrhagic stroke patients). From 10 to 15% of outcome risk, reductionswere mediated by better adherence to out-of-hospital healthcare. Conclusions. For patients with acute ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, admission to neuro vs. general wards is associated withbetter out-of-hospital healthcare and long-term adverse outcomes.
|Titolo:||Adherence to recommendations and clinical outcomes of patients hospitalized for stroke: the role of the admission ward - a real-life investigation from Italy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.1 Articolo in Rivista|