From the thermal balance point of view, in addition to air mass transfer due to infiltration and ventilation, building energy performance strictly depends on the characteristics of the envelope, in that it constitutes the boundary between the indoor and outdoor environments. Most of the currently available building performance assessment methods evaluate the heat exchange through the envelope by the means of a steady-state analysis, leading to the diffusion of strict regulations regarding the heat transmittance of the envelope elements. Although this approach is simple to use, it does not take into account the dynamic behaviour of the construction materials, which tend to store heat and release it after a certain length of time (Van Geem 1987). This phenomenon, usually referred to as thermal inertia or thermal mass, strongly affects the heat transfer process, influencing the building thermal energy need. This chapter summarises the theoretical basis of building thermal balance and heat transfer through the envelope. Furthermore, the different implications when considering the dynamic and the steady-state assessment methods are presented with the help of a practical example.

Building envelope and thermal balance

Ferrari, S.;Zanotto, V.
2016-01-01

Abstract

From the thermal balance point of view, in addition to air mass transfer due to infiltration and ventilation, building energy performance strictly depends on the characteristics of the envelope, in that it constitutes the boundary between the indoor and outdoor environments. Most of the currently available building performance assessment methods evaluate the heat exchange through the envelope by the means of a steady-state analysis, leading to the diffusion of strict regulations regarding the heat transmittance of the envelope elements. Although this approach is simple to use, it does not take into account the dynamic behaviour of the construction materials, which tend to store heat and release it after a certain length of time (Van Geem 1987). This phenomenon, usually referred to as thermal inertia or thermal mass, strongly affects the heat transfer process, influencing the building thermal energy need. This chapter summarises the theoretical basis of building thermal balance and heat transfer through the envelope. Furthermore, the different implications when considering the dynamic and the steady-state assessment methods are presented with the help of a practical example.
Building Energy Performance Assessment in Southern Europe
9783319241364
Building heat capacity; Building thermal balance; Climatic chamber tests; Dynamic and steady-state heat transfer; Heat transfer through building envelope; Thermal inertia; Biotechnology; Chemical Engineering (all); Mathematics (all); Materials Science (all); Energy Engineering and Power Technology; Engineering (all)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1085536
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