A number of river bridges collapse worldwide every year during flood events, due to combination of actions including traffic loads, water and wind load, riverbed degradation, and accumulation of debris. Incidence of failure is higher for relatively old bridges that may have been designed without adequate consideration for some of such actions, in particular the scour potential at piers and abutments; in this case, consolidation of bridge foundations may be required. As an alternative to structural rehabilitation, we propose here real-time management as a nonstructural risk-mitigation measure: Data from a monitoring system aid the bridge managers to decide whether a bridge should be partially or totally closed to traffic in the case that forecasted environmental conditions indicate that the structure may exit its safe operational domain. A peculiar feature of the present proposal is that the monitoring system focuses on the evaluation of the environmental actions on the structure rather than on the health state of the structure itself: Such choice allows sufficient lead time for bridge closure. Bridge management may not prevent the damage of the structure but should avoid casualties. The methodology is presented with reference to the field case of a bridge over the river Po (Italy); its generalization to a larger variety of conditions is also discussed.

Actions monitoring as an alternative to structural rehabilitation: Case study of a river bridge

Ballio, Francesco;Ballio, Giulio;Franzetti, Silvio;Crotti, Gianluca;
2018

Abstract

A number of river bridges collapse worldwide every year during flood events, due to combination of actions including traffic loads, water and wind load, riverbed degradation, and accumulation of debris. Incidence of failure is higher for relatively old bridges that may have been designed without adequate consideration for some of such actions, in particular the scour potential at piers and abutments; in this case, consolidation of bridge foundations may be required. As an alternative to structural rehabilitation, we propose here real-time management as a nonstructural risk-mitigation measure: Data from a monitoring system aid the bridge managers to decide whether a bridge should be partially or totally closed to traffic in the case that forecasted environmental conditions indicate that the structure may exit its safe operational domain. A peculiar feature of the present proposal is that the monitoring system focuses on the evaluation of the environmental actions on the structure rather than on the health state of the structure itself: Such choice allows sufficient lead time for bridge closure. Bridge management may not prevent the damage of the structure but should avoid casualties. The methodology is presented with reference to the field case of a bridge over the river Po (Italy); its generalization to a larger variety of conditions is also discussed.
bridge monitoring; bridge safety; nonstructural risk mitigation; real-time management; river bridge; scour; Civil and Structural Engineering; Building and Construction; Mechanics of Materials
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11311/1085125
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