Milan Cathedral is one of the biggest and widest churches ever built among the other coeval architectures. It had a very long and complex construction history, which started in 1386 and lasted more than four centuries. The dominant style is the European gothic but the lombard tradition has strongly influenced the composition. Gothic cathedrals were diffusely built in Europe during the Middle Age, and each region developed its own local interpretation. However, a common feature of the style was the presence of slender pillars and of many elements able to reduce the horizontal thrusts of the vaults, such as spires, buttresesses, flying buttresesses and tie rods. In Milan Cathedral, tie rods have a fundamental role due to the specific characteristics of the structural system and its complex history. In 2012, a broken tie rod was found and it was substituted with a new one. Therefore, a multidisciplinary research on these elements started, aiming at a deeper material characterization and an in-situ identification of local defects. Among non-destructive techniques, several neutron analyses were performed on different samples. We will report on neutron diffraction measurements and neutron resonant capture analysis on part of the original broken tie rod. Moreover, neutron imaging was recorded on other iron tie rods (from an external spire). Results will be useful for an independent assessment and validation of models and of new on-site monitoring techniques, since no other conventional non-destructive technique will allow the same characterization.

A neutron diffraction and imaging study of ancient iron tie rods

Bellanova, M.;Felicetti, R.;
2018

Abstract

Milan Cathedral is one of the biggest and widest churches ever built among the other coeval architectures. It had a very long and complex construction history, which started in 1386 and lasted more than four centuries. The dominant style is the European gothic but the lombard tradition has strongly influenced the composition. Gothic cathedrals were diffusely built in Europe during the Middle Age, and each region developed its own local interpretation. However, a common feature of the style was the presence of slender pillars and of many elements able to reduce the horizontal thrusts of the vaults, such as spires, buttresesses, flying buttresesses and tie rods. In Milan Cathedral, tie rods have a fundamental role due to the specific characteristics of the structural system and its complex history. In 2012, a broken tie rod was found and it was substituted with a new one. Therefore, a multidisciplinary research on these elements started, aiming at a deeper material characterization and an in-situ identification of local defects. Among non-destructive techniques, several neutron analyses were performed on different samples. We will report on neutron diffraction measurements and neutron resonant capture analysis on part of the original broken tie rod. Moreover, neutron imaging was recorded on other iron tie rods (from an external spire). Results will be useful for an independent assessment and validation of models and of new on-site monitoring techniques, since no other conventional non-destructive technique will allow the same characterization.
Instrumentation; Mathematical Physics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11311/1084857
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